Influence of mobile phone usage on travel behaviour of inter-urban public transport passengers in Lagos, Nigeria
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Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, Pennsylvania
Sustainable transportation cannot be overemphasized in recent times because of its relevance in economical, social and ecological impacts of transportation system. As a result, this study investigated the extent to which mobile phone usage (phone calls) influence travel behaviour of inter-urban public transport passengers with a view to achieving a sustainable transport development in Lagos metropolis. A set of structured questionnaire were administered on 1,483 early morning (6am-8am) inter-urban public transport passengers of the selected 76 inter-urban motor parks of Lagos metropolis. Using multi-stage sampling technique, zones of survey, inter-urban motor parks, vehicle types and occupancy ratio were identified and an average of 7, 14 and 43 passengers were interviewed at each of low, medium and high inter-urban motor parks based on passengers’ flow on a Wednesday, Friday and Saturday mornings. Data were analysed using frequency tables, chi square, spearman’s rank correlation, optimal scaling multiple regression analytical tools for the interpretations and discussions of results. The average trip frequency of inter-urban passengers was 1 trip per week while the average last travel time spent was 5 hours. Also, the average inter-urban travel distance was 380 km and the average inter-urban travel cost was N3, 000 per trip. Besides, the major travel purposes of respondents were business and school (52.4%). The average respondents’ inter-urban call frequency was 8 times per week while call distance was 375 km. Furthermore, the average respondents’ inter-urban call duration was 4 minutes. There were significant positive relationship between the respondents’ travel distances and inter-urban passengers' call distances (n=1483, rs=0.483, p>0.01), which revealed that as the call distances increases, the travel distances increases; inter-urban call durations (n=1483, rs=0.119, p>0.01) which revealed that as the call durations increases, the travel distances increases; passengers' received inter-urban calls frequencies (n=1483, rs=0.075, p>0.01), which revealed that as the calls frequencies increases, the travel distances increases; and received calls distances of inter-urban passengers (n=1483, rs=0.429, p>0.01) which revealed that as the received calls distances increases, the travel distances increases respectively. The overall variance of explanation showed that travel distances of passengers were influenced by mobile phones usage (R2=0.474), which explained the contributions of mobile phones usage to travel distances. Also, mobile phone calls were greatly influenced by travel demands and socio-economic variables (R2=0.728), which revealed their contributions. The study concluded that mobile phone calls have positive relationship on travel behaviour of inter-urban public transport passengers in Lagos metropolis
Fadare, S.O., & Agunloye, S.O. (2014). Influence of mobile phone usage on travel behaviour of inter-urban public transport passengers in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 16(4),112-116.