Trained community volunteers improve tuberculosis knowledge and attitudes among adults in a periurban community in southwest nigeria
Nigeria has the world’s 10th largest tuberculosis (TB) burden. Targeted community-based interventions can potentially help reduce TB incidence. We designed an intervention in a periurban community where 10 community volunteers were trained to provide community TB education and also detect and refer TB suspects to a nearby clinic. To determine the effect of the intervention on knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices of TB, we compared results from a pre-intervention survey with those of a post-intervention survey. Pre-intervention, respondents had a mean knowledge score of 10.6 ± 7.0 of a possible 34, a mean attitude score of 5.8 ± 3.3 of a possible 10, and a mean practice score of 5.3 ± 1.4 of a possible 7. The intervention significantly increased the mean knowledge score to 16 ± 5.4 (P < 0.001) and mean attitude score to 7.0 ± 1.8 (P < 0.001); however, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean practice score. Eight TB suspects were referred to the clinic, and one suspect was subsequently diagnosed with TB. The use of trained community volunteers to share information on TB improved the overall knowledge and attitudes of respondents. Continued empowerment of the community should be encouraged to promote TB prevention and care.
Balogun, M., Sekoni, A., Meloni, S.T, Odukoya, O., Onajole, A., Longe-Peters, O., Ogunsola, F. and Kanki, P.J. Trained Community Volunteers Improve Tuberculosis Knowledge and Attitude Among Adults in a Peri-urban Community in Southwest Nigeria. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 92:625-632; doi:10.4269/ajtmh.14-0527.