Associates of Urban Livability and Health in Abesan Public Housing Estate, Lagos, Nigeria
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Previous studies have investigated urban liveability and health, especially as it plays a central role in human health development. It has become increasingly clear from these studies that the built environment does not only directly influence health but also acts as a way of integration, into the health of individuals residing in urban centers such as Abesan Public Housing Estate. This paper therefore isolates the associations of existing urban infrastructure with health conditions of the inhabitants in Abesan Public Housing Estate for investigation. The sources of data used were the structured questionnaire and literature. The study made use of 4,800 households' heads in Abesan as the sample frame. Sample size of 2.4% of the sample frame which translates to 114 sample size which represents the total number of questionnaires that were administered and analysed. The systematic sampling technique was employed for the study. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive (frequency tables) and inferential statistical techniques (chi square goodness of fit test and spearman's rank correlation) after a conversion of the variables to binary forms. The study revealed that 63.2% of respondents used boreholes as the major source of water. Results of the study indicate that while 56.1% of the respondents dispose their waste water using septic tank, 93% dispose their solid/households wastes using Private Sector Participation (PSP). Results of the study further show that malaria (44.7%) is the most common and that 76.3% of respondents had not recorded any death in their households in the past one year. The inferential analysis revealed that, there is a negative relationship between the condition of toilets/bathrooms and the frequency of ailment (n=114, r=-187, p=0.05); there is a negative relationship between the drainage system and frequency of ailments (n=114, r=-248, p=0.01) and there is also a negative relationship between the frequency of flooding and road condition (n=114, r=-326, p=0.01). This study concludes that there are both significant differences and relationships between the variables of urban livability and health in the study area.
Nwokoro, I.I.C & Agunloye, O.O. (2010). Associates of Urban Livability and Health in Abesan Public Housing Estate, Lagos, Nigeria. The Lagos Journal of Environmental Studies, 7(2), 64-70.