Contextualizing the Supreme Being in Yoruba and Chinese Cultures
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Banwo, A. O.
LASU Journal of African Studies (OPANBATA), A Publication of African Languages, Literature & Communication Arts, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State
This paper intends to examine the Yorùbá and the Chinese context of a Supreme Being within framework of their cultures. In Yorùbá culture, the Supreme Being is connoted as Olódùmarè, Oló-dú-ma- ré, Olú-ọ̀run or Elédùmarè. He signifies one thing, the owner of the universe and the Supreme God. In Chinese culture, the highest deity is called Shangdi or Di. He is the high god or clan ancestor as postulated in the earliest-known religious system of the Han Chinese people. The term has different connotations, while some can perceive or translate him as the “emperor” or “sovereign above,” others see him as “lord on high,” “highest lord,” “the supreme god,” or the “celestial lord.” Data for this research were obtained through homogeneous purpose sampling and analyzed through content analysis. Supreme power, myths, uniqueness, cultural trait and cultural identity were all factors selected for this study. The theory of religion serves as the framework for this study. This research work identifies theory of evolution, belief, supreme power, tradition, myths and divinities as core factors that has created the Supreme Being in both cultures. Supreme Being in both cultures serve a purpose, they control the universe, they create man and they are in absolute control of the affairs of man. Man looks up to them for prosperity, health and decision-making processes. This work suggests that the physical world is guided and controlled by the spiritual realm and concludes that for the harmony of humanity, man must work in accordance and tenets of the spiritual realm.
Banwo A. O (2022). Contextualizing the Supreme Being in Yoruba and Chinese Cultures: A Symbolic Relationship. LASU Journal of African Studies (OPANBATA), A Publication of African Languages, Literature & Communication Arts, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Vol.10 No. 4, ISSN:1111-1311.