“Socio-Economic Correlates of Relapsed Patients admitted in a Nigerian Mental Institution”
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Background. Relapse in psychiatric disorders is highly distressing, costly and engenders burn-out syndrome among mentalhealth workers. Aims. To study the socio-economic factors associated with relapse in individual admitted with psychiatric disorders and the pattern of socio-economic impact of relapse in those groups. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of all relapsed patients without cognitive defi cit admitted into the federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria between June and October 2007 was conducted using a self-validated Structured Interview Schedule (Relapse Socio-economic Impact Interview Schedule) and Key Informant Interview Guide. Secondary data were elicited from the patient folders, case notes, ward admission registers and nominal rolls. Data were summarised using mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentiles. Pearson ’ s moment correlation coeffi cient was used to test the association among variables. The Mann –Whitney U -test was used to compare the pre-morbid and the post-morbid states. Results. This study involved 102 respondents.Their mean age was 36.5 9.8 years, mainly of male gender (72.5%) suffering from schizophrenic disorder (37.8%).Relapse and re-admission ranged between 2 and 12. Unemployment rate, marital separation and divorce increased more than 5-fold from pre-morbid to morbid states. Few (4.9%) could still settle their hospital/drug bills on their own, while most (95.1%) depended on family, philanthropist and government/waivers to pay for their bills. Their social relationships were negatively influenced with most of them expressing social isolation and low quality of life. There were significant relationships ( P 0.05) between age, sex, number of relapses, number of admissions, pre-morbid marital status, morbid state marital status, pre-morbid state occupational status and morbid state occupational status. There was significant change( P 0.00) in the quality of life, societal integration/acceptability, economic status, employment status and marital status of the respondents between the pre-morbid and post-morbid periods. The illness signifi cantly affected the emotional status of the participants. Conclusion. Relapse and readmission in psychiatric patients have a negative impact on socio-economic well-being of patients, family and the society. Efforts should be taken to provide early interventions.
Socio-economic , Relapse , Readmission , Mental Health , Psychiatric Practice , Nigeria
Caleb A. Gbiri., Fatai A. Badru., Harry T.O. Ladapo, and Adefolakemi A. Gbiri (2011): “Socio-Economic Correlates of Relapsed Patients admitted in a Nigerian Mental Institution” in International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, on line ISSN 1471-1788 website: http://informahealthcare.com/jpc March 2011, Vol 15, No.1 Pp19-26 (doi: 103109/13651501; 2010: 506954