Now showing 1 - 5 of 50
- ItemOpen Access‘Hallucination and Religious Beliefs Among Students in a Nigeria University’(Wyno Academic Journal of Medical Sciences,, 2013-08) Gbiri, C.A; Adebayo, R.A; Gabriel, M.O; Badru, F.A; Lawal, K.A.O; Awesu, T.O; Amoo, I.G; Ellu, D.FThis study investigated lifetime-prevalence of hallucination among a group of Nigerian students and the determinants of hallucination among them. Study involved 1095 students of a Nigeria university, screened for hallucination using Schedule for Clinical Assessment for Neuro-Psychiatry and psychological distress using General-Health Questionnaire-12. Data was analyzed with linear regression analysis (p<0.05). Auditory hallucination was present in 12.1%, visual in 10%, tactile in 12.1% and olfactory in 5.1%. Proportions of hallucination among religions were: 11.1% Christians, 9.8% Muslims, and 23.1% traditionalists. Point-prevalence of hallucination was 10% with 5.1% having multiple hallucinations. Hallucination interfered with daily-activity in 17.6%. About 44% had psychological distress while 13.4% required medical-intervention for it. Hallucination was more common among the Christian faithfuls. Females and the separated/widowed had significantly higher hallucinatory experience. It was concluded that hallucination cuts across religious groups. Age, religion, gender, ethnicity and marital status had significant influence on hallucinatory experience. Psychological distress is common in students even without hallucination.
- ItemOpen Access“Socio-Economic Correlates of Relapsed Patients admitted in a Nigerian Mental Institution”(http://informahealthcare.com/jpc, 2011) Gbiri, C.A; Badru, F.A; Ladapo, H.T.O; Gbiri, A.ABackground. Relapse in psychiatric disorders is highly distressing, costly and engenders burn-out syndrome among mentalhealth workers. Aims. To study the socio-economic factors associated with relapse in individual admitted with psychiatric disorders and the pattern of socio-economic impact of relapse in those groups. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of all relapsed patients without cognitive defi cit admitted into the federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria between June and October 2007 was conducted using a self-validated Structured Interview Schedule (Relapse Socio-economic Impact Interview Schedule) and Key Informant Interview Guide. Secondary data were elicited from the patient folders, case notes, ward admission registers and nominal rolls. Data were summarised using mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentiles. Pearson ’ s moment correlation coeffi cient was used to test the association among variables. The Mann –Whitney U -test was used to compare the pre-morbid and the post-morbid states. Results. This study involved 102 respondents.Their mean age was 36.5 9.8 years, mainly of male gender (72.5%) suffering from schizophrenic disorder (37.8%).Relapse and re-admission ranged between 2 and 12. Unemployment rate, marital separation and divorce increased more than 5-fold from pre-morbid to morbid states. Few (4.9%) could still settle their hospital/drug bills on their own, while most (95.1%) depended on family, philanthropist and government/waivers to pay for their bills. Their social relationships were negatively influenced with most of them expressing social isolation and low quality of life. There were significant relationships ( P 0.05) between age, sex, number of relapses, number of admissions, pre-morbid marital status, morbid state marital status, pre-morbid state occupational status and morbid state occupational status. There was significant change( P 0.00) in the quality of life, societal integration/acceptability, economic status, employment status and marital status of the respondents between the pre-morbid and post-morbid periods. The illness signifi cantly affected the emotional status of the participants. Conclusion. Relapse and readmission in psychiatric patients have a negative impact on socio-economic well-being of patients, family and the society. Efforts should be taken to provide early interventions.
- ItemOpen AccessSocio-Economic, Environmental and Health Consequences of Rural–Urban Migration in Lagos, Nigeria(FAMAN JOURNAL, 2009) Opeolu, B.O; Adebayo, K; Badru, F.A; Okuneye, P.AData obtained from 350 migrants selected from high, middle and low income sectors of Lagos, Nigeria show that over 80% of the migrants come from 11 States of the Federation. The migrants felt that their socio-economic characteristics have changed since moving to Lagos, but have observed increasingly poorly kept dumpsites in their areas of abode in Lagos due to increases in-migration. They perceived typhoid, depression, hypertension and headache as the most prevalent diseases that they cope with in Lagos compared to their places of orientation. Yet, most of them wish to remain in Lagos and in fact bring more people from their places of origin to Lagos. The study concluded that in order to address the environmental and health problems faced in cities with high inflow of migrants, efforts to improve the socio-economic situations of rural areas and transit towns should receive greater attention.
- ItemOpen Access“Introduction to Population Education”(General African Studies Unit, University of Lagos Press, 1999) Badru, F.A; Faluyi, KAn understanding of human population as a phenomenon may offer clues to underlying forces that operate in the society. One of the most serious problems confronting man is the human population. The populations of developing countries have continued to grow at a high rate for sometime with the consequent pressure on land, an irreplaceable resource. This paper examines some basic concepts in population studies by differentiating "demography" from 'population studies'. It also highlights their social underpinnings in terms of the attitudes of people toward family planning. In this regard, some methods of birth control used in Nigeria, as well as their merits and limitations are also discussed.
- ItemOpen Access"Sustainable Housing Development in Nigeria: A Sociological Perspective”(Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Nigeria, 2010) Badru, F.AThis article discusses the conceptual, theoretical and empirical issues surrounding housing development in general and homelessness in particular relying on secondary data. It points to the sociological significance of homelessness for an individual or the group to which he or- she belongs and also cites local examples to buttress the position The chapter examines the causes of the problem, alludes to some kinds of homeless people, addresses consequences of the phenomenon and suggests sustainable strategies to mitigate the social problem. The kernel of the chapter is that socio-cultural needs of the people should be taken into consideration when housing needs and policies are conceived and evaluated. The vulnerable groups such as destitute and aged who cannot meet their housing needs should be considered when housing policies of the nation are being conceived. The wishes of the majority of the citizenry must not be jettisoned on the platform of professionalism. This must recognize the inherent community's limited resources and constraints. The contrary will be elitist and exclusionary. The chapter contends that reform in government public policy such as monetization among public sector employees is not sufficient to attack homelessness as this excludes majority of Nigerians who live below the poverty line and do not work for government-owned establishment. More importantly, it is necessary to adopt strategies that are inclusive, participatory and ensure sustainable housing development for all.