An investigation of Cardiopulmonary Parameters of Internally and Non Internally Displaced Persons in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria
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Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are at high risk of developing cardiopulmonary problems compared to non-internally displaced persons (NIDPs). This study examined selected cardiopulmonary parameters in internally and non-internally displaced persons in a Nigerian population. The analytical cross-sectional study design employed a purposive sampling technique to recruit 800 participants (400 IDPs and 400 NIDPs) from four internally displaced camps and four host communities at camps located in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council of Borno State. Mercury sphygmomanometer, pulse oximeter and spirometer were used to measure the cardiopulmonary parameters of the participants. Descriptive statistics of the mean and standard deviation were used to evaluate socio demographic characteristics while an independent t-test was used to compare selected cardiopulmonary parameters of the participants. The result revealed a significant difference (P=0.001) in cardiopulmonary parameters of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), rate pressure product (RPP), respiratory rate (RR), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) between internally and non-internally displaced persons. There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the age and sex matched of the cardiopulmonary parameters between internally displaced and non-internally displaced groups. But there was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the sex matched of the cardiopulmonary parameters within non-internally displaced persons, while significant difference only exist in the DBP (P=0.029) and MAP (P=0.030) within internally displaced persons. The study concludes with findings highlighting cardiopulmonary deficit faced by a significant number of IDPs as compared to NIDPs, who unavoidably found themselves in unfortunate conditions of displacement.
Internally displaced persons , heart rate , blood pressure , spirometer , pulmonary parameters , sex , Nigeria , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Akodu AK, Abubakar I., Aweto HA (2022). An investigation of Cardiopulmonary Parameters of Internally and Non Internally Displaced Persons in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria" Journal of internal displacement 12 (1): 32-43