FAMILY PATTERNS AS PREDICTORS OF STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENTIN SOCIAL STUDIES
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SOCIAL STUDIES ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA (SOSAN)
Academic achievement of junior secondary school students can be used to determine the effectiveness of teaching and learning activities in the schools. Hence, in order to establish the role that family patterns play in students’ academic achievement, this study examined family patterns as predictors of junior secondary school students’ achievement in Social Studies. Three hypotheses were postulated and tested in the study at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted survey research design and 176 junior secondary school students drawn through stratified random sampling technique from 3 junior secondary schools within Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State constituted participants in the study. The data obtained for the study were derived from student records and questionnaires. The students’ records was used to determine students’ achievement and it comprised of average of 1st, 2nd and 3rd term scores in Social Studies; while the questionnaires elicited information on respondents’ gender, age, class and items that revolved around family patterns. The validity of the questionnaire was done by two Social Studies experts who ensured face and content validity of the instrument; while its reliability was established through test-retest method within an interval of two weeks. Cronbach Alpha was used to check the reliability of the questionnaire, and reliability coefficient of 0.805 was realised. Data obtained was analysed through the use of frequency counts, simple percentage, t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA); and the findings revealed that significant difference exists in students’ achievement in Social Studies with respect to their family patterns. Also, there is significant difference in Social Studies’ achievement between male students from monogamous and polygamous families which is in favour of monogamous family. However, significant difference does not exist in Social Studies’ achievement between female students from monogamous and polygamous families. Therefore, it was recommended that parents should promote tolerance and understanding among family members, while upholding ethics of the marriage as an institution. Finally, government should formulate and implement policies that will improve family living conditions, as these conditions have direct influence on the academic achievement of children.
Academic achievement, family pattern, monogamy, polygamy and Social Studies.