Browsing Private & Property Law-Scholarly Publications by Title
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- ItemOpen AccessADEKILE, O (2008) “Family and Dependents’ Rights to Financial Provision under the Will Statutes in Nigeria” Law and Real Property Rights in Nigeria. Essays in Honour of Prof J. A. Omotola I. O. Smith Edn. pp. 255- 276.(Department of Private and Property Law, Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, 2008) Adekile, O.The paper interrogates the provisions of the wills statutes that provide family members of a testator with the right to apply for reasonable financial provisions: it compares these Nigerian statutes with similar legislation in England. It underscores the rationale of family provision legislation: to correct inequities and exclusions in property rights; to fill the gap in the created by the absence of a matrimonial property system, the need to reduce the burden on tax payers, absence of social security, co- ownership theory, the need for spousal entitlement that was wider than maintenance and dependency. It examined the powers of the courts under the wills statutes in Nigeria and concludes that whilst the provisions perform an altruistic role, the powers of the courts should be properly articulated to avoid judicial will making and legislation.
- ItemOpen AccessAdekile, O., (2020) “Palm Tree Justice in Joint Ownership of Assets on Divorce at Customary Law: Assessing the Case of Toyin Arajulu v James Monday”(Faculty of Law, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, 2020) Adekile, O.MThe rights of women to property on divorce remains a vexed question in Nigeria. The sub set of this is whether a woman married under Yoruba customary law can enjoy any property rights in property vested exclusively in the husband after their divorce? What would be the basis of such interests? And how would the interests of children affect those of the parents in such circumstances? Against the backdrop of a dual legal system in Nigeria, one challenge of courts is how to bring concord between customary law principles and English law principles; these at times are diametrically opposed. In Toyin Arajulu v James Monday the judge used ‘palm tree justice’ in order to achieve a fair outcome where the wife claimed beneficial interests in property vested exclusively in the husband at the time they divorced. By examining above decision and reviewing the extant legal background, the goal of this paper is to determine whether under customary law it can be said that there is an emerging precedent for equal rights of spouses to property on divorce. Consequently, the paper examines the rights of divorced spouses to property vested on one of them at the time of divorce within the ‘palm tree justice’ stated. It finds that the justice of the case is not actually tilted in favour of women; rather there are core limitations to its much acclaimed justice for women. The ‘palm tree justice’ in the case gives a watery precedent that may not stand on appeal. The paper concludes that while the desire of the court is commendable, the acclaimed gender rights validation of the case is questionable in the light of the theoretical deficiency. It underscores the need for reassessment of our customary laws towards a more robust protection of property rights in marriage and divorce.
- ItemOpen AccessAppraisal of Access to University Education in Nigeria(2017) Adekile, O.MThis paper identifies the challenges, significance and consequences of disparities in University education opportunities, investigates the attempts of Nigeria to expand access to university education and offer concrete recommendations for widening access to university education. It focuses on gauging the challenges in matriculating and convoking, the determinants of inequities, and analysis of equity promotion policies so far adopted in Nigeria. Accordingly it calls for examination of the determinants of access, the policy frameworks and codes of practice for widening participation for underrepresented groups in university education in Nigeria drawing analogy from jurisdictions like Ghana and Tanzania, countries which have become attractive to Nigerians in pursuit of higher education. Towards this objective, the work concretizes the significance and objective of university education, the expanded meaning of access to university education, the challenges of access and the modalities for surmounting them.
- ItemOpen AccessA CRITIQUE OF LAWS GOVERNING UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA(2017) Adekile, O.MNigeria scores low in education being described as a country with education without learning at the launching of ‘Education for All’ and scoring poorly in the 2017 Global Human Development Report with a position of 11 out of 130. Against this backdrop, and coupled with the continuous debate on university autonomy, restricting and funding, among others, the paper appraised the laws governing universities in Nigeria and their values on the core issues of university education, in particular institutional autonomy and academic freedom. The extant laws establishing some public universities were critiqued to wit, the Universities (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act No. 11 1993 as amended in 2003 (Autonomy Act) and 2012 respectively, the Education (National Minimum Standards) (Establishment) Act 2004 as well as the JAMB Act 1989. It finds that the extant legal framework has promoted undue interference in University autonomy with dire consequences on the University model in Nigeria. The overbearing role of the NUC, the government policy of tuition free university education among others were evaluated. It was concluded that these laws need to be revisited.
- ItemOpen AccessHuman Rights Dimensions of Family Dispute Resolution(Tog Publishers, Laos, Lagos State, 2017) ADEKILE, OLUWAKEMIRealizing that human rights norms are critical to family law discourse in contemporary times, this paper identifies the core theme of the human rights standards applicable to marital Disputes. With a focus on divorce, maintenance, settlement and division of property, it finds that human rights standards demand for equal rights of access to justice in seeking divorce, child care, custody of children and marital property both during the marriage and at its dissolution. Equality between spouses and nondiscrimination are therefore the hallmarks of the fulfillment of human rights standards as found in national, regional and global instruments. It argues that State responsibility demands mainstreaming gender in all laws, policies, actions and litigation. It concludes that while there are provisions for formal equality and sporadic recognition of this in some cases, there is need to focus on substantive equality or transformative justice in order to fulfill the agenda for human rights protection.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Mortgage & Property Law 2010 of Lagos State: An Overview(Department of Private & Property Law, Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, 2015) ADEKILE, OLUWAKEMIThis is an evaluation of the Lagos State Mortgage and Property law 2010 as it impacts the administration of mortgage transactions in the State. In enacting the law, Lagos State has the objective of encouraging the growth of mortgages in real property and for the acquisition of consumer loans for acquisition of properties and realization of securities. Until its enactment mortgage transactions in Lagos State was governed by a myriad of laws without any centralized regulatory body. Mortgage finance, administration and securitization were subsumed within the general land tenure and land use legislation, devoid of institutional and formalized mortgage scheme to enable financing of real property mortgage. It finds that the Mortgage Board established by the law gives a fresh impetus for mortgage financing coupled with an arbitration option. The paper concludes that the Mortgage and Property Law is significant for socio-economic impact being a catalyst for home ownership schemes. It posited that the ability of the law to achieve its goal is critically hinged on the sincerity of its implementation.
- ItemOpen AccessOccupational Safety and Health in Nigeria: National and Global Dimensions(Faculty of Law, UNILAG, 2018) Adekile, O.MThis work evaluates the global values for occupational safety and health which infuse a national preventative safety and health culture involving a national policy, national system, national programme and national profile. It also discusses the domestic legal framework under the Factories Act 2004 which it finds extremely deficient in both scope and enforcement. It recommends more engaging approach to make OSH a business concern of undertakings.