Browsing Department of Psychology by Title
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- ItemOpen AccessBorderline intelligence: At Risk for School Dropouts in South West Nigeria(Akinwale Gbenusola, 2019) Akinwale, G.ADropping out of school is a powerful risk factor that can lead to incredible loss of human potentials and insecurity for the nation; it can also have life-long consequences, especially on education, career and health. The main objective of this study is to explore borderline intelligence as at- risk population for school dropout. The specific objectives are to : investigate whether borderline intelligence is a predisposing factor for school dropout in South West, Nigeria and compare gender differences in the incidence of drop out among the participants’ on borderline intelligence on adolescent school dropouts. 565 school dropouts from Lagos, Ogun and Osun State, participated in the study and they responded to the Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices that was designed to assess educative ability of different ages. The result found significant differences in the cognitive abilities of the school dropouts. Borderline intelligence was significantly represented in the sample and gender was found to be insignificant thus implying that both male and female are equally at risk for school dropout. The study found that the incidence of school dropouts in South West, Nigeria is heightened by borderline intelligence. Government at all levels should seek the help of psychologists for proper assessment as early as possible, to reduce the incessant increase in the number of out of school population in South West Nigeria. Keywords: Borderline intelligence, , Cognitive abilities, School dropout, Adolescents.
- ItemOpen AccessEvaluating the Self-Efficacy of Patients with New Prosthetic Dentures in Two Teaching Hospitals in Lagos Nigeria(ASUU Journal of Social Sciences, 2021) Malomo, Bolajoko I.; Akinboboye, Bolanle; Adenuga-Taiwo, O. A.Several studies have suggested that self-esteem and self-efficacy may be included as self-management techniques after an illness. However, none have studied these variables among dental patients with new prosthetic dentures. This study therefore assessed the level of self-esteem and self-efficacy of dental patients and the relationship between these two variables among Nigerian dental population. The study was conducted at the outpatient prosthetic units of the departments of restorative dentistry of two teaching hospitals in Lagos. Consented patients (N=43) were presented with validated self-esteem (4-item) and self-efficacy for denture rehabilitation (12-item) measures. Descriptive and inferential statistical outputs with level of significance set at p<0.05 was adopted.. Respondents expressed low negative self-esteem with mean value of 7.33 (SD=2.4). however, self-efficacy level suggests a high value with (M=40.6; SD=6.13). A significant negative correlation between self-esteem and self-efficacy (r= -.367*, p<0.05) was obtained. A low self-esteem may not translate to a low self-efficacy. Early assessment, and monitoring of these variables in dental clinic patients is advised so as to enable timely intervention through education and therapy.
- ItemOpen AccessImpact of Counselling Intervention on the Psychosocial Well-Being of School Children in Their Peculiar Indigenous Environment, Makoko, Lagos.(UNILAG Journal of Medicine, Science and Technology (UJMST), 2020) Adebiyi, D.T; Makinde, B.O; Olusakin, A.M; Badru, F.AThe challenges posed by the adverse environmental pollution cannot be overestimated especially as regards its impact on the resilience and psychosocial well-being of the residents. There is no disputing the fact that as murky and waterlogged as the Makoko environment is, it is the children’s indigenous environment. This paper investigated the impact of group counselling on the resilience and psychosocial well-being of Makoko school children in their peculiar indigenous environment. It examined the children’s perception of their environment as well as their attitude towards the inclement pollution with reference to their level of resilience and interpersonal relationship. The study adopted the quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test research design. Intact classes were used for the study. A researcher-made questionnaire was used by the researchers to gather data to test the two null hypotheses. A total of 106 randomly selected school children participated in the study. Paired sample t-test statistical tool was used to determine the level of resilience and interpersonal relationship of the participants. Results showed that group counselling impacted significantly on their level of resilience and interpersonal relationship. The study recommends regular counselling interventions to enhance the rapid growth, development and psychosocial well-being of Makoko school children in their indigenous environment.
- ItemOpen AccessINTERPERSONAL RELATION: CONNECTIONS BETWEEN HYPERCOMPETITIVENESS AND BIRTH ORDER AMONG UNDERGRADUATES(African Journal for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues, 2017) Akinwale, G; Ayenibiowo, K; Ezeanyim, OOver the years there has been a growing interest in human relationships’ and the problem of human relationships. Humans are inherently equipped with social instinct that allows them to follow and maintain relationship. This research was conducted to investigate the influence of hypercompetitiveness and birth order on interpersonal relation. Hypotheses were generated from Karen Horney and Alfred Adler s’ theories about hypercompetitiveness and birth order respectively. Birth order was defined in terms of three groups only: first, middle and last born. Participants (N= 300) with mean age of 25.86 (SD 5.63) for male and 25.56 (5.52) for female were students from Yaba College of Technology and University of Lagos. The instruments used were Hypercompetitive attitude scale by Ryckman, Hammer, Kaczor & Gold (1990) with 26 items and Index of peer relation by Hudson, Nuris, Daley & Newsome, (1986) with 25 items. A cross sectional survey was used in collecting data using accidental sampling techniques. Hypercompetitiveness has a significant negative correlation with interpersonal relation (r=-0.215*, at p, <0.05). Middle born were not more hypercompetitive than participants in other birth positions but had poor interpersonal relation. Explanations were proffered for the findings based on theoretical and empirical literature. The study recommends that parents as the main provider of interpersonal relationship; therefore they should realize the importance of equal parental investment among their children and ensure, good parent-child relationship and proper coercive management practices while avoiding any form of preferential treatment. These will assist the young ones in building good social relationship.
- ItemOpen AccessSexual Harassment: Who is Harassing Who?(African Journal for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues, 2017) Akinwale, G; Ayenibiowo, KSexual bullying is no longer seen as a one sided phenomenon, it is a double edge sword that could pierce both the victims and the perpetrators.The study examined sexual bullying in lecturer’s student’s relationship with 2 vignettes depicting the dressing of students who approached a lecturer in his office. Two modes of dressing were presented, one considered to be scantily clothed while the other is full clothing. The participants were randomly assigned into the two groups. The data were analysed with 2x2 ANOVA to determine the effect of age and gender of the participants on assessment of punishment for the victims and the perpetrators. Clothing was hypothesized on and it was found to be significant, for the punishment of both students and also for the lecturer. The findings suggest stricter punishment for the victim and the perpetrator in full clothing scenario than in scanty clothing scenario. Age was found to be insignificant. The study therefore adjudged both the victims and the perpetrators to deserve punishment.