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- ItemOpen AccessThe Creative Use of Themes in Contemporary Igbo Popular Music in Nigeria(University of Lagos Press, Akoka, 2014) Osigwe, C.NPopular music is an offshoot of several musical typologies which are indigenous or acculturated, incorporating both local and foreign elements. Most popular musical styles or genres in Nigerian music scene evolved through various contributions from musicians of diverse cultural sensibilities. Furthermore, the musical practices of the Igbo are seen through their social, religious and cultural lives as their music accompanies every stage of human and social development (childhood - adulthood - death). Igbo popular music, being a contemporary genre, depicts both the language and cultural elements of one of the major ethnic groups in Nigeria. The music has evolved owing to acculturation, economic factor, technology and globalisation. This articles attempts to appropriate musical theme - a borrowed concept from Western classical music - into the structural form of 19b 0 popular music vis-a-vis its vocal and instrumental elements. It effectively analysed selected songs of prominent Igbo artistes/ musicians and further established how these themes are creatively used in contemporary Igbo popular music. Three distinctive methods were deduced from the analysis - the antiphonal theme, instrumental theme and instrumental/ antiphonaltheme.
- ItemOpen AccessFinancing Effects of Global Economic Crisis on Energy Investments in Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis of Pre-Crisis and Crisis Era(University of Lagos Press, Akoka, 2014) Adeoye, B.W; Atanda, A.AThe energy sector is recognised as one of the most crucial real sectors in any economy, considering the dependent nature of other sectors' development on its growth. The emergence of the global financial crisis that engulfed most African nations is one of the greatest threats to energy development in terms of investment and financing options despite the "resource curse" confronting most of the resource-endowed economies like Nigeria. This has motivated this study to examine the impact of the global financial crisis on energy investment and financing in Nigeria between the pre-crisis era (2000-2005) and the crisis era (2006-20/0). The descriptive and graphical analysis employed revealed that between the pre-crisis (2000-2005) and during crisis era (2006-20/0) total energy investment by both private and public sectors declined by 75.2% andthis negatively affected most energy development indicators such as the hydro power generation capacity from Kainji, Jebba and Shiroro; total electricity production per capita; total electric power consumption per capita; and net oil proceeds to national output in Nigeria. Following these findings, the study recommends that joint partnership agreement between the private (both foreign and local institutional investors) and public sectors should be implemented to undertake most of the abandoned energy projects due to lack ofjinance, via a "Build, Operate, and Control (BOC) " system in order to revamp the energy sector development by 2020.
- ItemOpen AccessToward Effective Repatriation of Illegally Acquired Assets in Nigeria(University of Lagos Press, Akoka, 2014) Odusote, ARepatriating looted state assets in foreign jurisdictions. it is the view of this article that the forms of proceeding available in Nigeria to recover looted assets are inadequate. The paper discusses successful assets recovery cases and the not so successful casesinvolving Nigerian corrupt officials. it also discusses the main challenges [0 assets recovery through criminal proceedings and highlights various approaches to assets recovery. The paper recommends that for effective assets recovery, Nigeria must, among others, enact forfeiture and confiscation laws that should be applied through the civil process rather than the traditional criminal justice system. The article proposes some strategies for assets repatriation, but with a caveat that the success of these proposals is contingent on strong political will on the part of the Nigerian government and its ability to constructively engage the requested state.
- ItemOpen AccessAdaptive Capacity to Climatic Change in the Nigerian Savannah(University of Lagos Press, Akoka, 2014) Elias, P; Fasona, M; Adedayo, V; Olorunfemi, F; Adeniji, GThis study is based on the premise that the adaptive capacity of people and places is closely related to their demographic and socioeconomic characteristics which in turn determine their resilience. The study therefore examined the demographic and socioeconomic dimensions of selected agricultural communities in the Nigerian savanna with a view to assessing their adaptive capacity to climate change. The Nigerian savannah has been largely altered by human related activities which have reduced its capacity to support the teeming rural farming communities and the livelihood systems in the region. Livelihood systems in the region are closely associated with terrestrial ecosystems, and changes in global climate could exacerbate the conditions of the rural farmers. The methodology for the study was based on the multistage random sampling technique and Rural Rapid Appraisal (RPP) of eleven communities across ten Local Government Areas (LGAs) in two states of the southwest and north central Nigeria.Household survey, Key Informant Interview of traditional rulers and Government officials were carried out while an intensive Focused Group Discussion among all the actors was done. Both ex-ante and ex-post factors of gender, local knowledge and experience, education, income from farm and off-farm sources, ability to diversify, willingness to adapt, proportion of savings, and local adaptation mechanisms were identified and used to understand adaptive capacity of the local communities to climate change in the region. These factors provide an understanding of existing local actions which could point to future coping and adaption strategies given emerging challenges of climate change. By upscaling the local adaptive capacity it is possible to evolve regional and national policies for improving the resilience of rural agricultural communities.
- ItemOpen AccessChina's Economic Growth Driven Reform Strategies 1978 - 2010: Any lessons for Nigeria?(University of Lagos Press, Akoka, 2014) Iwuagwu, OChina's rapid economic transformation over the past thirty years has come as a surprise to many considering the previous condition of the country. This has resulted mainly from China's open door policy, adopted in 1978, thus facilitating massive inflow of foreign direct investments (FDJ) into its manufacturing sector. China's manufacturing sector continues to churn out complex export products that have created an unprecedented export-led growth. China's experience, especially when compared with other developing economies, is exemplary. This is unlike Nigeria's resource-driven economy, where even the meagre FD1 that comes in is channelled into the oil industry, while manufacturing production receives limited attention. The article the lessons that Nigeria could learn from China in view of the similarities between the two countries