Procuring, Managing and Financing Urban Infrastructure: Towards An Integrated Approach

Nubi, T.G. (2003)

Scholarly article

Article

The urban population of the developing world more than doubled in the past 20 years; it is now 1.7 billion. This explosive rate of growth has no parallel in human history. The most striking evidence of urban growth is the mushrooming of large cities in the developing nations. Most of them tripled in size between 1950 and 1990. In many cases, the increase was no less than 20-fold in several countries of Africa. Most urban growth in the developing world occurred in settlements where investment in services — roads, water and sanitation, drainage, garbage collection — is negligible or non-existent. The proportion of urban poor in these cities is between 30 and 60 per cent. At least, half of the urban population in these countries lives today. In life-threatening houses and neighbor- hoods; they live in slums and shantytowns. Surrounded by ' filth and squalor, they are prey to endemic diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery and typhoid. A sizeable percentage of them has no access to adequate health care.