Building- Conference Papers
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- ItemOpen AccessEthical Decision Making as a Driver for Change in Health and Safety (H&S) in the Nigerian Construction Industry: A Strategy for the next Decade(2015-11-30) Kukoyi, P.O.; Smallwood, J.The construction industry is known for its poor H&S record. This record has been linked to non-compliance with H&S requirements on construction sites. In a developing country such as Nigeria, inadequate statutory laws and regulations have exacerbated the situation. Thus, adoption of ethics could ameliorate the poor H&S performance within the construction industry. A state-of-the-art review of literature was conducted, the selection criteria focused on studies addressing ethical decision making in H&S practices in construction-related literature. The findings indicate that studies focused on ethical decisions in H&S practice in the construction industry are limited. Based on the review of literature, it is evident that ethical decisions can improve social responsibility and H&S performance in the construction industry. The trends and gaps can also serve as a motivation for future studies aimed at promoting a healthier and safer construction environment
- ItemOpen AccessTHE TRAINING AND EDUCATION OF BUILDING SERVICES PROFESSIONALS IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY(2014-01) Kukoyi, P.O.Challenges’ currently facing the construction industry is skill mismatch. Shortage of professionals in the building services subsector have led to the influx of inadequately trained persons. One of the major problems the society is facing today is the issue of homes, schools and offices having a poor indoor environmental quality. This leads to ill-health, learning difficulties and poor productivity often reported by occupants. Human beings spend about 70-80% of their time indoors this implies the need for a healthy indoor environment. This study aims to understand the training provisions of building services professionals in Nigeria. Mixed method research approach will be employed. The case study will in part, comparatively evaluate the Nigerian and UK building services curricula by collecting information on the curricula in use, semi-structured interviews with professionals to gain an understanding based on their experience and questionnaires to identify relationships and trends in training provisions. A framework for educating and training of building services professionals will be proposed to improve the performance and efficiency of the built environment. The study is part of an ongoing PhD programme aimed at finding solutions to the industry’s Building services problems in Nigeria and presented at this stage in theory prior to data collection.
- ItemOpen AccessSLUM DEVELOPMENT AND HOUSING NEEDS: A CASE STUDY OF IWAYA SLUM IN LAGOS STATE(2014) Kukoyi, A.; Kukoyi, P.O.; Nduka, D.; Igwe, J.It has been upheld that, slum development in urban cities is as a result of urban poverty and intra-city inequality. Although, it has been asserted that most people who live in slums are poor; conversely, not all slum dwellers are poor. This study seeks to investigate the factors influencing housing needs of people residing in slums, using Iwaya in Lagos state, Nigeria, as a case study. In order to achieve the study‘s objective, survey was adopted. Using semi-structured interviews, the factors influencing housing needs of slum dwellers was investigated towards unearthing these current and festering issues. The findings reveal that finance and social status are not the only factors influencing people‘s choice to live in slums. Therefore, it is recommended that stakeholders need to develop an all-inclusive framework in order to eradicate slums or upgrade the living conditions of slum dwellers. However, full details of generalizable factors are yet to emerge and needs to be further explored, especially as the threat of slums remains unresolved.
- ItemOpen AccessWorkers’ Perception regarding health and safety (H&S) practices in the Nigerian construction industry(2016-02-02) Kukoyi, P.O.; Smallwood, J.Construction projects are reputed for their poor H&S record when compared to other industries. This can be attributed to an uncontrolled working environment, risk, workers’ behaviour in relation to H&S commitment, cultural and religious beliefs, and uncertainties inherent in projects. These expose workers, engaged in productive activities on construction projects, to hazards, and risks, which result in fatalities and other injuries. The aim of this study is to explore the perceptions of workers regarding H&S and how they relate to their behaviour on construction sites. The study employed a largely qualitative research approach. Various construction workers (ironworkers, masons, carpenters, roofers, and electricians) were interviewed on sites in Lagos State, Nigeria. The findings of the study reveal that workers view productive activities on construction sites as hazardous and risky. However, H&S practices are viewed by workers as unimportant. This perception may also be attributed to their socio-economic realities, cultural and religious beliefs, and inadequate training. Therefore, it is vital for the government and stakeholders in the construction industry in Nigeria to establish localised H&S certifications, policies, and awareness through traditional and religious organisations so as to foster commitment to H&S on construction sites. Further research is needed to understand the training needs of workers in the Nigerian construction industry.
- ItemOpen AccessManagement practices undermining health and safety in construction(2021-11-15) Kukoyi, P.O.; Adebowale, O.; Smallwood, J.Increasing awareness of the importance of a healthy and safe work environment has contributed to the rising concern for the current unhealthy and unsafe practices in construction. Construction projects are complex, therefore, traditional methods of achieving the desired construction health and safety (H&S) objectives are fast becoming ineffective. Therefore, it is imperative to continue to rethink innovative ways to achieve H&S objectives during the execution of projects. The purpose of this study is to determine management practices contributing to H&S incidents during construction. The study entailed the administration of a questionnaire to gather data from 286 construction stakeholders in the Nigerian construction industry. Mean scores (MSs) were used to rank the influence of management practices that contribute to H&S incidents. The study established that contractors’ poor H&S culture, unhealthy and unsafe practices largely influence H&S on jobsites. This correlates with the H&S attitudes, beliefs, perceptions, and values that management share at workplaces. The study concluded that poor H&S culture is a major challenge that undermines H&S performance in the Nigerian construction industry. To this end, the study proposed the need for the government to enact H&S laws that suit the peculiarities of the Nigerian construction.