Employment Relations & Human Resource Management- Conference papers
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- ItemOpen AccessRegulatory Framework and Trade Union Development in Nigeria(University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria, 2020) Ideh, D.A.; Ekwoaba, J.O.; Olusanya, O.A.Trade unions play significant roles in shaping the Nigerian labour market and in the development of the nation. The role of trade unions has made its development a matter of great concern to the government, resulting in the enactment of various regulations to guide trade union activities and promote industrial peace throughout the nation. The purpose of this paper is to appraise the effect government regulatory interventions have on trade union development in Nigeria. The paper adopted a qualitative research approach using information gathered from secondary sources. It was observed that government regulations have positive and negative consequences for trade union development in Nigeria. The study concluded that various government regulations were made to address the challenges arising from the circumstances of the time of enactment; some of the regulations were aimed at undermining the powers of trade unions and their leaders. Most of the reforms and the laws were based on unilateral actions by the government, which negates the spirit of tripartism and social dialogue. It is recommended that government should, in future, explore the possibility of consulting the unions and adopting social dialogue in formulating laws and regulations that guide the conduct of trade unions.
- ItemOpen AccessSubcontracting Systems and Trade Union Activities in the Building Construction Industry in Lagos, Nigeria.(Crawford University, Ogun State, Nigeria, 2021-03) Olusanya, O.A.; Okeke, S.C.Subcontracting system is entrenched in the building construction process and determines work arrangements and conditions of work. Workers defend and foster their collective interests in varying work arrangements through involvement in trade union activities. This study examines the relationship between subcontracting system and trade union activities in Lagos State, Nigeria based on a cross sectional design with a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. The study accessed data from 388 building construction sites obtained through Yamane formula from a total of 13,431 sites in Lagos. Data was obtained through focus group discussions among building construction workers, and through structured questionnaire administered to 908 respondents randomly selected across the 388 building sites in five administrative divisions in Lagos State. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS involving descriptive statistics, and the formulated hypotheses were tested using Pearson Correlation at 0.05 significant level. The study found that subcontracting system is negatively correlated with union membership (r = - 0.091) and with attendance at union meetings (r = - 0.099). The study provides evidence that workers seldom participated in trade union activities and recommends the engagement of direct labour through building construction workers’ unions to boost trade union activities and promote job creation in the industry.
- ItemOpen AccessGLOBAL OIL PRICES AND THE NIGERIAN LABOUR MARKET(Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria, 2020) Ideh, D.A; Olusanya, O.A.Nigeria is both a major exporter of crude oil and major importer of refined petroleum products with high level of unemployment. Nigeria depends on oil for its revenue and as major input in most industrial sectors. This paper examined the opportunities created by the low global oil prices for improving the Nigerian labour market. The study adopted qualitative research approach. The key findings are that fall in oil price provides negative challenges for Nigerian labour market in the short-run but an opportunity for improved employment generation in the long-run. The study concludes that government should take advantage of the fall in oil price to develop other sectors of the Nigerian economy. The paper has contributed to knowledge by establishing among others, that low oil prices create opportunities for nations to improve the labour market conditions.
- ItemOpen AccessSubcontracting Systems and Working Conditions in the Building Construction Industry in Lagos, Nigeria(University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria, 2018) Olusanya, O.A.; Adewumi, O.A.The mode and nature of employment is a major determinant of working conditions. Working conditions in subcontracting systems is a cause for concern on building construction sites. Therefore, this paper examines the relationship between subcontracting systems and working conditions of building construction workers in Lagos, Nigeria based on survey research design. The secondary and primary data used for the study were derived from systematic review of literature, and 908 respondents among informal sector building construction workers. Descriptive and correlational analysis was used to analyse the data. The findings show that building construction workers in Lagos State worked an average of 9 hours per day and 6 days a week. The findings indicate the prevalence of subcontracting with almost half of the respondents hired by subcontractors in the industry. The nature of employment contract for the workers was mostly verbal; their pay was inadequate to meet basic needs and they did not have flexibility on the job. Results also show a significant and inverse relationship between subcontracting systems and working conditions (r = -.107; P = 0.001). The study suggests that regulation of the practise of subcontracting by Government at the local level may result in improved working conditions. The paper, which is an important contribution to the body of work on subcontracting systems and working conditions suggests that verbal contracts should be enforceable to mitigate the challenges posed by subcontracting systems and facilitate better protection against adverse working conditions.
- ItemOpen AccessDiversification of the Nigerian Economy: Creating a Partnership between Town and Gown(University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria, 2017) Olusanya, O.A.; Ideh, D.A.Diversification of the Nigerian economy is non-negotiable, and partnership among stakeholders is necessary. However, there appears to be a disconnect between the academic institutions and the society they serve, one of the symptoms being the high youth unemployment in the country. This study examined how creating a partnership between town and gown can aid the diversification drive of the Nigerian economy. A qualitative research method was adopted; the paper therefore relied on existing literature to draw its conclusions. The study revealed that improving the educational and research institutions will bring about improvement in the outcome of the diversification drive by the government; and that an improved relationship between ‘town’ and ‘gown’ and the creation of effective educational policies will enhance the acceptability and the relevance of outputs from the educational system by the productive sectors of the economy. The study recommended that: educational policies should promote entrepreneurial skills transfer to strengthen the partnership between town and gown; actions should be taken to transform the educational system to be able to develop knowledge-based products and services for export and local consumption. The paper concluded that until there is an appropriate partnership between educational and research institutions and the society, the diversification of the economy may be an unreachable dream.