Employees’ Involvement in Strategic Planning Practices and Effect on Performance of selected Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Lagos, Nigeria

Oladele, P.O. ; Olayiwola, P.O. ; Arogundade, K.K. (2016)

Staff publications


This study examined the relationship between employees’ involvement in strategic planning practices and performance of SMEs in Lagos, Nigeria. The survey research design was used. The population of the study comprised, 3864 SMEs. Stratified and purposive sampling techniques were used to select the participating SMEs. A total of 550 copies of questionnaire were administered to SMEs owner-managers. Cronbach alpha was calculated based on a pilot study conducted in Ogun State Nigeria, a neighbouring state, in which locus of planning (employees’ involvement) and performance yielded coefficient of 0.93 and 0.89 respectively. Correlation analysis and multiple regressions were used and results showed a positive and significant relationship between employees’ involvement in strategic planning and performance of SMEs, also employees’ involvement is a significant predictor of performance. The study recommended that SMEs owners should encourage employees’ involvement in strategic planning activities while providing opportunities for continuous skills upgrade.