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- ItemOpen AccessComparing Learners’ Performance in Distance Learning Institute, University of Lagos, Nigeria(Journal of Global Economics and Business, 2020-10) Iyiegbuniwe, J.C.; Alaneme, G. C,; Reju, C. O.This paper examined the differences in the academic performance of learners in accounting and business administration departments of the distance learning institute (DLI), University of Lagos. The aim is to determine if the accounting and business administration learners outperform themselves in the courses that cut across the two departments. Gender and level performances of the learners were considered to see if differences existed. The interpretive single-case study research approach was used to explore the phenomenon, while secondary data was used as a sample to explore and compare the pass rate of these learners. Two theories - ‘Self-determination theory’ and the ‘theory of performance’ underpinned this work. A three factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypotheses. From the results, the interactions were not significant, but the Accounting students performed better than the Business students. Gender was not a significant determinant of academic performance, and the performance of learners across the levels did not change over the years. This suggests a need for tutors to pay more and special attention to Business Administrative learners in quantitative courses they take.
- ItemOpen AccessDestination Personality Perception as predictor of Symbolic Consumption in Africa’s Tourism Industry(Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2021) Ajeyalemi, Oladipupo Folorunsho; Olarewaju, Adeniyi DamilolaEven though extant research suggests that many destinations are positioned based on their functional utilities and experiential hedonic values; nonetheless, tourists also tend to embrace destinations that convey symbolic values which expresses and reflects their notion of social identity, lifestyle and self-concept. However, there is a dearth of knowledge concerning tourists’ motivation for symbolic consumption of destinations. This study therefore examined tourists’ behaviour within the African context concerning symbolic consumption of destinations, with emphasis on the predictive influence of destination personality. This was particularly germane because tourism destinations, just like brands or products, have their own unique personalities. Consequently, based on a number of factors, Nigeria was selected to represent the population of study. A survey-based approach was employed and a total of 831 copies of the questionnaire were found useable and acceptable, while factor analysis and multiple regression was employed in the analyses. Findings showed that destination personality is positively related to all three constructs of symbolic consumption. Additionally, four dimensions of destination personality were confirmed, and all proved to be significant individual predictors of symbolic consumption. It was therefore suggested that managers and operators of destinations in Africa need to position and align their respective destinations with the symbolic value attached to tourists’ subconscious and innermost desires. Implications for Africa are discussed.
- ItemOpen AccessEnhancing the Role of Entrepreneurship in Creating Active Micro Business and SMEs to Meet the Challenges of Vision 2020(2010) Olayiwola, P.O.; Ogundele, O.J.K.The paper briefly discussed the significant concepts of entrepreneurship, micro-preneur, and entrepreneur and linked them with requisite personal traits for effectiveness in their roles. It highlighted the crucial importance of micro, small and medium scale enterprises to the development of all economies this is backed up with data from an empirical study in Nigeria, at the turn of this century. The roles of the entrepreneur who are the engines of the change in the developmental process are then presented. In addition, a framework for entrepreneur development should focus on the functional, behavioural and environmental methods in the training and the development of the entrepreneurs with the aim of achieving the vision 2020. The paper recommends the need for adequate infrastructural development and a sustainable and virile financial sector that will make the fund available to the entrepreneurs.
- ItemOpen AccessAppraising the Organisation and Management of Distance Learners' Support Services: A Study of some Nigerian Universities(RETRIDAL Natonal Open University of Nigeria, 2013) Alaneme, G.C.; Olayiwola, P.O.In recent time, great emphasis has been placed on the quality of learner support services provided by distance educators. This is as a result of its recognition as an integral and essential component of a distance learning system. Learner support services guide the learners for self-study and serve as a useful interface between the institution and the learner. It is argued that there may not be a provision of learner support services for distance learners in most dual-mode institutions. This paper reports an investigation of the type of learner support services existing for distance learners' in five dual-mode institutions and the only single-mode institution in Nigeria. The learners' perception of the availability and adequacy of such services in one of the dual-mode universities were also studied. The study used the survey method, which involved the use of self- completing questionnaire and observation. Two staff, each of the universities, making a total of twelve, and two hundred and sixteen students formed the sample size of the study. Frequency tables, as well as percentages, were used for the analysis. Findings showed that support services were available though not adequate. Students suggested areas of interest to be improved upon in the learning support provision.
- ItemOpen AccessVocational Training and Small Business Enterprises Intention amongTrainees in Lagos State, Nigeria(Faculty of Business Administration, University of Lagos. Lagos, Nigeria, 2015) Olayiwola, P.O.; Alaneme, G.C.The study examines the extent to which vocational training stimulate small business enterprises intention among trainees in Lagos State Vocational centres. A survey design was adopted; primary data were gathered with the aid of a structured questionnaire. 592 copies of questionnaire were found usable. Spearman rho correlation statistical tool was used to test the relevant hypotheses raised in the study. The findings revealed a significant relationship between skills acquisition and intention to start a small business and also a significant relationship is found between perceived intention to start a small business and parents ‘ownership of a small business. The study concludes that skills acquisition and family ownership of business are a strong motivation to start a small business.