Employment Status of Household Head And Crowding Levels in Lagos State Development And Property Corporation (Lsdpc)’S Multifamily Apartments in Lagos

Iweka, A. C. (2019-03-01)

Staff publications

Article

Studies of housing consumption have identified residential crowding as a proxy for determining housing standards, housing mobility, housing satisfaction, exposure to social tensions and general wellbeing. Notwithstanding that the relationship between crowding and population sub-groups has generated some curiosity in recent times, studies in this area of housing experience is scarce in the multifamily apartments belonging to Lagos State Development and Property Corporation (LSDPC) in Lagos, Nigeria. This research looks at occupation or employment sub-groups in LSDPC’s multifamily apartments with a view to determining the prevalence of crowding for households in different employment categories. A purposive case study of four estates containing multifamily apartments was adopted. A validated questionnaire instrument was used to obtain information using a sample of 582 (7.5%) from 7,764 apartments that constitute the sample frame. The estates investigated contain six types of apartments by design. Employment status was measured by distinguishing among seven groups. Direct physical measurement was used to determine the number and floor areas of different types of rooms in the apartments. Descriptive statistical tools were used in the analyses. Results indicate that the persons who work in private firms and self-employed persons constitute 66.3% of the total occupants in LSDPC’s multifamily apartments studied. Contrary to expectation, government employees were less than 15%. In terms of crowding, a chi-square statistical validation tool reveals that employment status of household head had significant effect on crowding levels in Type 3 (three-bedroom) apartment at Abesan. Different levels of crowding were experienced by different employment groups. Therefore, policies to address crowding in LSDPC’s multifamily apartments should consider social policy in sub-populations like employment subgroups