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- ItemOpen AccessThe Nexus between Gated Community and Property Value in Ajah, Lagos State(Department of Architecture, University of Lagos, 2021-03-01) Ilechukwu, V. U., Osagie, J. U., Salau, T. I. & Adegbile, M. B.; Ilechukwu, V.U.; Osagie, J.U.; Salau, T.I.; Adegbile, M.B.In the provision of housing units, most past studies have considered the internal fabric of apartment as maior determinant of property value, ignoring external feature like security. However, people are becoming more security conscious in their choice of residence which brought about the concept of gated communities (GCs). Therefore, the research problem is to examine the extent to which security is a value contributory variable to residential property value in GCs. The study adopted snowball and captive sampling methods to collect data. The data were analyzed using the willingness to pay (WTP) and willingness to accept payment (WTA) models in assessing the value contribution of security features on residential properties. The WTP and WTA show that while there may be other motivating factors responsible for property value in GCs, security is of high priority for the residents. The paper concludes that security provision is a major determinant of property value and therefore recommends the consideration of security as a priority in housing units' provision.
- ItemOpen AccessSOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF URBAN HOUSING MATERIALS TYPES IN POOR AREA OF MAKOKO, LAGOS(The Lagos Journal of Environmental Studies, 2022-03-01) Ilechukwu, V.; Salau, T.; Adegbile, M.; Odunmbaku, M.Housing the urban poor in developing countries has been a major concern globally. This paper examines the socio-economic determinants of urban housing types in the low-income neighbourhood of Makoko, Lagos. The specific objectives of this paper include analysis of the socio-economic characteristics of the residents in the study area, analysis of the quantity and types of housing in the study area; and their relationships. A total of 254 questionnaires were administered to the household heads in the study area using the multi- stage sampling technique. Data analysis encompassed the use of both descriptive and inferential analysis. Frequency tables were used to analyze descriptive data obtained while the inferential analysis entailed the use of Regression analysis. The findings revealed that 57.5% of the respondents that reside in plank or bamboo houses because of their affordability, earn less than N5, 000 per month, with a household size of 6 - 7 persons (52%) and engage in informal activities. The study concludes that income level, households' size and employment status are major determinants of residents' housing types, especially bamboo houses in Makoko. The recommendation is to conduct research on the durability and functionality of plank and bamboo houses, alleviate the welfare of the urban poor, involve the stakeholders in any development efforts and review existing policies on housing that affect the urban poor, especially the eviction and demolition approach.
- ItemOpen AccessReducing heat-load in buildings through the use of solar screens: Case study of bookshop house, Lagos(David Publishing Company, 2012) Adebamowo, M.; Godwin, J.; Oginni, A.Abstract: Technology advancement has ensured a better means of livelihood essentially in certain parts of West Africa, specifically Nigeria, where the climate is predominantly hot in most parts throughout the year. Air-conditioning has reduced the harshness of indoor discomforts to the barest minimum. It is no more uncommon to find it regularly in use in most homes and offices. Currently, theeconomy has the centrality of its power supply hinged on generator plants. The enigma of the current situation is how this alternative problem has catastrophic after effects on the environment. This and many more add up to the greatest of all the threats now evading our environment and the world — Global warming. The threat of Global warming is real and the need to find less environmentally destructive sources of energy cannot be overemphasized. This paper is a contribution towards energy saving in buildings through the reduction of solar radiation incident on buildings. Sustainable Building calls for an integrated planning approach for operating buildings economically, substantially reducing their impact on the environment by reducing energy/power consumption, amongst others, and enhancing the well-being of their inhabitants. Only buildings that reconcile all of the above factors are fit for the future. A case study of the CMS (Catholic Mission School) Book Shop house in Lagos was carried out. The methodology involved the use of asolar chart and shadow angle protractor to determine the overheated periods represented by the shading masks and data collected. From this analysis, it was decided to accept the use of external sun shading and preliminary designs and specifications were prepared by the architects. The use of external solar screens made a saving of up to 75% of the energy input which would otherwise have been required by air-conditioning.
- ItemOpen AccessThe climate change challenge in Africa:- impacts, mitigation and adaptation(Asian Economic and Social Society, 2012) Adebamowo, M.; Uduma-Olugu, N.; Oginni, A.Climate change is now a reality, and is already having devastating effects on the natural environment and human populations across the world. Many studies (Maathai, 2006; UNFCC 2006; CCDI 2007; IPCC 2007 and UNDP 2009) have confirmed that Africa contributes the least to global warming but the region is the most vulnerable and most adversely affected by climate change. Unpredictable rains and floods, prolonged droughts, subsequent crop failures and rapid desertification among others have in fact already begun to change the face of the continent. Africa’s poor and vulnerable will be particularly hit by the effects of the rising temperatures. This paper examines the problem of climate change in Africa; its impacts, mitigation and adaptation measures are equally investigated. The paper explains that neither mitigation nor adaptation alone can avoid significant impacts but together they can compliment each other and reduce significantly the risks of climate change. Finally it concludes with recommendation to African Countries to enable them reduce vulnerability and increase capacity to adapt while suggesting the need to integrate climate change concerns into all planning whether it be infrastructure, education or health.
- ItemOpen AccessState Parks: Potential for Domestic Ecotourism Industry(Lagos State Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation, 2001-06-01) Adejumo, O. T.On global scale tourism is the leading export earner. The World Tourism Organization statistics revealed that international arrival for the year 2000 was 653 million people. This excludes arrival for domestic tourism, which was projected to be ten times more than international tourists (Brackenhury 2000). The reality of economic benefits from tourism prompted the creation of Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism with an emphasis on domestic ecotourism. The goal was to stimulate local interest in tourism at the preserved ecological zones as expressed in section seven of the nation’s cultural policy. While section 7.13 of the policy emphasized the role of government in promoting and encouraging domestic tourism, section 7.20 implored the States to establish parks, game reserves and beaches for recreation. State parks are created to preserve areas of ecological, historical and scenic values. They occupy a pivotal position between National Parks and Local Government Parks in a typical three tier governmental system. In state parks conservation and recreation are compatible land uses. The aim of sustainable state park system is planning and managing ecological resources at the grass root for the educational, economic, recreational and environmental benefits of the people without jeopardizing the same benefits for future generations. This permits conservation – recreation symbiotic concept. It is a concept that explores the principle of ecosystem management, resource preservation and friendly tourism services. The preserved area has minimum human impact and is exclusive for public management. At the buffer zone series of park support services are planned for private participation while the park front country made up of interpretation center and transportation system is opened to public-private partnership