Collaborative Framework For Sustainable Flood Risk Managment
The unpredictable weather events driven by climate change phenomenon enhanced frequent flooding in previously safe flood plains and littoral settlements. The severity of flood related disaster reached an all-time high in 2012, spreading over 18 states of the federation. The severity prompted the usual Federal Government reactive flood management approach. The piecemeal protective flood management option is not making desired impact. There should be national safety chain to address flood protection, preparedness, response and recovery. This paper advocates for collaborative flood risk management framework to reduce cyclical farmland degradation, infrastructure devastation, property destructions and increasing loss of human life. The paper is underpinned by collaborative inquiry and risk management theories. Collaborative flood risk management demands a clear-cut understanding of probable locations for future flood occurrence and necessary principles and strategic actions to reduce the impact without moving the problem to other geographical locations. On this platform flood risk management is not tackled on political administrative boundaries basis but within natural boundaries of river catchments. It puts demand for synchronization of Federal, State, Local Government and local flood districts flood related activities. Expectations from Federal Government include generation of comprehensive national flood risk management policies with defined national flood risk maps. State Government expectations include provision of specific State flood risk management strategies and flood risk maps. Local Government follow the same pattern. In the absence of City government, State and Local Government collaboration should consider the preparation of local districts flood maps and flood risk management plan. The inputs of all stakeholders including traditional institution, community-based organisations, non-governmental organizations, and prevailing River Basin Authority are important. The choice of flood management at local flood district should be influenced by flood type, flood plain ecological characteristics and available finance.