Inter-ethnic mix and housing unit allocation in the Lagos State Development and Property Corporation Estates

Adebayo, A. K. ; Iweka, A. C. (2014-09-01)

Staff publications

Article

Although the Lagos State Development and Property Corporation (LSDPC)’s housing estates are characterized by mixed ethnicity, there is no strategic pursuit of appropriate ethnic-mixing as a policy instrument to integrate the multi-ethnic population of Lagos spatially. This study appraises the inter-ethnic mix in LSDPC’s estates as a starting point in enunciating policies that can be used to ensure ethnic mixing in Lagos, thereby reducing ethnic enclaves, divisiveness, tribalism and communal agitation. Seven estates in diverse locations at Abesan, Amuwo-Odofin, Dolphin-Ikoyi, Ebute-Metta, Iba, Ijaiye and Iponri; all containing 12,433 apartments were purposively selected. These constitute the frame from which a 7.5% (867) sample was chosen. Systematic random technique and a pre-test questionnaire instrument were used. Data were analysed using non-parametric descriptive statistical tools results show that LSDPC estates are dominated by fifteen ethnic groups, contrary to speculations that Lagos contains over 250 ethnic groups. Furthermore, Yorubas are dominant in five locations (Abesan, Dolphin-Ikoyi, Amuwo-Odofin, Iponri and Agege); while Igbos are dominant in Iba and Ebute-Metta. Claims that public housing estates in Lagos contain a mix of ethnic nationalities are partly supported. However, the mix is highly skewed in favour of Yoruba (58.8%), Igbo (28.8%) and Edo (6.6%).