A review of Al-ilory's neo-ijthihad on the observance of ramadan fast as contained in As-sawm Wal Fitr
Ramaddn fasting and issues surrounding it is a paramount annual event in Islam. arious religious issues surrounding the Ramaddn fasting are sighting of the ne crescent the doubtful day, the possibility of sighting new moon in the da time collective acceptance of the moon sighting, use of calendar and mathematical calculation in commencing and terminating the Ramaddn fasting and the sighting of the new crescent of the month of Shawwal for the celebration of CIdu 'I-Fitr.1 These previous-mentioned Ramaddn fasting-related issues have been causing a lot of confusion and contra ersy among the Nigerian Muslims for some years. The annual event of Ramaddn fasting which should have been a joyous moment for the universal Muslims is now marked with high emotion and sentiment arising from the unnecessary legal conflict and controversy from the different erdicts of both indigenous and foreign Islamic scholars. In response to this unwanted situation, Shaykh Adam rose up to this challenges by writing a material titled "As-Sawm Wa'l - Fitr" in which he exercised 2his own neoljtihiid so as to serve as an end to the controversy surrounding the commencement and termination of the Ramadiin fasting in Nigeria.' It is a result of this, that the paper aims at examining the tieo-ljtihiid of Shaykh Adam Al-Ilory on the commencement and termination of Ramadiin fasting among Nigerian Muslims.