Effects of Task-Oriented Circuit Class Training on Physical Fitness of Stroke Survivors

Frimpong, E. ; Antwi-Boasiako, C. ; Ababio, E. ; Ahenkorah, J. ; Olawale, O. A. (2016)

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Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of task-oriented circuit class training on physical fitness of stroke survivors in the early stages of stroke rehabilitation. Method: This study involved twenty (20) hemiparetic stroke survivors with ten (10) participants each in the task-oriented circuit class training group (TCCTG) and the non-circuit class training group (NCCTG). Participants in TCCTG underwent supervised TCCT with duration of 80 minutes per session, three times per week for 8 weeks in addition to conventional physiotherapy. Assessments were done at baseline and week 8 using resting heart rate (RHR), 5-minute heart rate recovery (5-min HRR), blood pressure (BP), 6–minute walk test (6-MWT), 10-metre walk test (10-MWT) and functional ambulatory category (FAC) score as outcome measures. Results: There were significant reductions in RHR, 5-min HRR, SBP and DBP (p<0.05) with significant increases in 6-MWT, 10-MWT and FAC score (p<0.05) within the TCCTG. However, only the 6-MWT and 10-MWT showed significant differences (p=0.0432 and p=0.0121) in the NCCTG. The means of RHR, 5-min HRR, SBP and DBP were significantly lower in the TCCTG than the NCCTG (p<0.05). Also, at week 8, there were significant increases in 6-MWT, 10-MWT and FAC score (p<0.05) in the TCCTG compared to the NCCTG. Conclusion: Task-oriented circuit class training can improve both physical fitness and functional capacity in stroke survivors in the early stages of stroke rehabilitation.