Estimating the Risk of ABO Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn in Lagos

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Akanmu, A.S.
Oyedeji, O.A.
Adeyemo, T.A.
Ogbenna, A.A.
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Journal of Blood Transfusion
ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn is the most common hemolytic consequence of maternofetal blood group incompatibility restricted mostly to non-group-O babies of group O mothers with immune anti-A or anti-B antibodies. Aim. We estimated the risk of ABO HDN with view to determining need for routine screening for ABO incompatibility between mother and fetus. Materials and Methods. Prevalence of ABO blood group phenotypes in blood donors at the donor clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and arithmetic methods were used to determine population prevalence of ABO genes. We then estimated proportion of pregnancies of group O mothers carrying a non-group-O baby and the risk that maternofetal ABO incompatibility will cause clinical ABO HDN. Results. Blood from 9138 donors was ABO typed. 54.3%, 23%, 19.4%, and 3.3% were blood groups O, A, B, and AB, respectively. Calculated gene frequencies were 0.1416, 0.1209, and 0.7375 for A, B, and O genes, respectively. It was estimated that 14.3% of deliveries will result in a blood group O woman giving birth to a child who is non-group-O. Approximately 4.3% of deliveries are likely to suffer ABO HDN with 2.7% prone to suffer from moderately severe to severe hemolysis.
Scholarly articles
ABO hemolytic disease , ABO genes , Newborn , Antibodies , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Akanmu, A.S., Oyedeji, O.A., Adeyemo, T.A. and Ogbenna, A.A. (2015). Estimating the Risk of ABO Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn in Lagos. Journal of Blood Transfusion, 2015, 1-5.