An Analysis of the National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria.
A Thesis Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Lagos.
This study entitled “An Analysis of National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Ogun State, Nigeria” is on policy implementation and rural poverty reduction in Nigeria. This study becomes imperative in view of the growing incidence of poverty and underdevelopment in the rural areas in Nigeria. This situation is due to neglect and inconsistence and problems of the various governments’ poverty reduction policies and programmes over the years. In carrying out the study, primary and secondary data were used. In the case of primary data, survey was carried out and questionnaires were used to elicit information from twenty-two rural communities of Ado-Odo local government, the Local Government Council and the NAPEP office at the Federal Secretariat, Ogun State. Non parametric Chi-square was used to test the hypotheses. All the data obtained were computer processed through the use of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS). Key informant interview was also carried out. The secondary data were collected from the library and internet sources which include books, journals, newspaper articles and government publications from National Poverty Eradication Programme office, Abuja. The research findings reveal that there have been constraints of policy implementation in Nigeria. Policies have been top-down resulting in implementation gaps between the policy makers and implementers on one hand and the policies and the target populations on the other hand. The gap is further widened by inability of the bureaucrats to take into consideration the socio-political and economic environments in analyzing policy implementation. These problems are compounded by unrealistic goal setting, inadequate implementation planning, political patronage, inadequate manpower and high level of corruption. NAPEP is constrained by these problems and could not make impact in the rural communities in Nigeria. The study therefore, recommends that government should show more sincerity and commitment to rural poverty reduction through effective policy planning, implementation, evaluation and monitoring. This can be achieved if policies and programmes like NAPEP are made relevant to the rural people through the participation of the target beneficiaries in the determination and realization of their needs. Effort should be made to bridge the gap between the intention and the actual implementation of policy through appropriate planning and the use of change management. The demand for accountability and transparency in the performance of central government structure at local areas should be strengthened. Public officials and political leaders should be made accountable and to deliver their promises to the people. This will reduce corruption and political influence. When all these measures are taken into consideration, failure of policies will be eradicated, thus reducing poverty and achieving the desire development in the rural areas in Nigeria.