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- ItemOpen AccessUnderstanding Illness Behaviour, Death And Bereavement In Adulthood.(1988-08-15) Ubangha, B.M.To aid our understanding of the ways various individuals perceive, evaluate, and respond to symptoms of illness, the literature on illness behaviour was reviewed. Two competing hypotheses (the linking hypotheses and the substitution" hypothesis) and two theoretical paradigms (the health belief model and the behavioural model) which attempt to explain illness behaviour were presented. Kastenbaum's (1975) conceptualisation of death, kubler - Ross's (1969) five stage theory of dying and Parkes' (1972) four sequential phases of anticipatory grief were presented in the hope that they will not only illumine our understanding of the mystery of death and the rituals associated with it but also place these within a wider social milleau that surround them. Attempts were made to clarify and highlight the roles of the counsellor not only in meeting the psychological needs of the ill and dying and of the health caregivers but also mitigating the emotional responses associated with the loss of a loved one.
- ItemOpen AccessExperimental and Analytical Investigation of Soil Cutting(1989) Osho, A.PThe objective of this work is first to determine experimentally the horizontal and vertical force components of the operative forces during soil cutting. Since previous work in soil cutting had been empirical and involved curve fitting techniques therefore the second objective is to predict these horizontal and vertical force components. In order to achieve these objectives a special apparatus was designed and fabricated for experimentation. It comprises the soil bin, the horizontal and vertical carriages, the proving rings, carriage seat frame, soil hopper, manually operated jack, and the blades. In order to reduce cost and weight of the apparatus, and also because of the limited space available, the carriages and the cutting blades were made of aluminium. In order that this investigation can be applied to a variety of soils, Ogun river sand and beach sand were chosen because they are granular materials, but with different angles of intboth cohesion C and angle of to have a good control to obtain repetitive results. In order to predict accurately, the horizonal and vertical operative forces in soil cutting, it is essential that some specific properties of the soil be known. The soil properties chosen for this work are cohesion, C, perties were determined using triaxial apparatus. Also the shear box apparatus, imposing directional horizontal failure plane was used to The cutting blades inclination B0 to the vertical was varied from O0 to 750 in increments of 150. The soil bin was filled with soil by the soil hopper, whilst the blade was inserted and pushed horizontally by manually operated 10 tonne (98.07 KN) jack, at a horizontal speed of about 0.11 cm/sec. The soil bin perspex glass enabled the tests to be observed visually. The horizontal and vertical force components operating during soil cutting was measured by standard Wykeham-Ferrance proving rings, with maximum load of 200 kgf (1962 N) and with E.L.E. dial gauge of 0.001N/division (0.0254 mm./division). configurations in soil cutting show that whereas 100% of the angle of internal friction, is mobilised for cohesive soil, typified by black cotton soil at failure, only about 80% of the es of the soils were therefore used to evaluate the horizontal and vertical components of operative forces in soil cutting. Other soil parameters like void ratio, and a new soil particle size distribution parameter index (SPI) 0.025 SPI = (Dmax - Dmin) 100 EDX/distribution dervied from grading tests, are found to be true in evaluating these horizontal and vertical components of operative forces. From these findings, empirical formulae were derived, which will be of great benefit and advantage to design engineers, who can quickly estimate the horizontal and vertical components of the operative forces during soil cutting. It was found that as blade inclination Bo and width-to-depth of cut ratio w/d, increased, the horizontal component of force in soil cutting, decreased. The horizontal force decreased by 93%, when width-to-depth of cut ratio w/d = 1, and blade inclination B0 increased from O0 to 750. The passive rankine force is less than the horizontal components of the forces in soil cutting. These forces like the Rankine force are proportional to the square of depth of cut, for vertical blades, that is, blades with inclination B = O0, the horizontal components of the forces can be evaluated by multiplying the Rankine force by constant K which is 7.025 for cohessions soils and 1.06 for cohesive soils. The present work also shows that the optimum performance of the blades occurred at an angle of inclination B = 570 for cohensionless soils. Whilst the optimum performance of the blade for cohessive soils occured at a blade inclination B = 450. A theoretical solution of the boundary energy theory which considers the kinematics of the soil-blade system, predict most accurately the horizontal and vertical components of operative forces in soil cutting, than any other theory hitherto in use. The maximum and minimum errors in horizontal components of forces for Ogun river sand, at blade inclination B0 from zero up to the optimum performance of the blade, were 10.6% and -5% respectively. Similarly the maximum and minimum errors in horizontal components of forces at same blade inclination, for beach sand and black cotton soil, taken in pairs were (9.2% -23.2%) and (2.8%, -0.47%) respectively. At a blade inclination of B = 300, and & = 1/horizontal components of forces, taken in pairs for Ogun river sand were (130N, 126N) and error of 3%. Whilst for beach sand and black cotton soil, at the same blade inclination, the values were (100N, 101N) an error of -1% and (135N, 135N) an error of 0% respectively. Similarly experimental and theoretical vertical components of forces, taken in pairs, at blade inclination B = 300 river sand and black cotton soil, at same blade inclination, the values were (40N, 27N) and 58N, 55N) respectively.
- ItemOpen AccessQuality and Standards of Music Education In Nigeria Tertiary Institutions.(1995-07-11) Ekwueme, L.U.The need for music education at all levels of Nigerian education has been recognised and established (the National policy on Education, 1977). section 5, NO.· 38 (ii) and (iii) of the policy state that: (1) The curriculum of higher education will be geared towards producing practical persons, and the course content will reflect our national needs and not just,hypothetical standards.(ii) Technically based professionals especially need greater exposure to the environment in which they will eventually work. How have we achieved these goals? Two questions arise:what is the impact of music in our system? DO the Universities and Colleges of education produce enough music teachers to meet the needs of the ever-growing school enrolment? This paper will (a) review standards and quality of music education in various countries and compare these with practices in Nigeria, and(b) critique the preparation of Nigerian music teachers.
- ItemOpen AccessAfrica Participation At The 15th Commonwealth Games Held In Victoria, Canada.(1995-07-16) Ikulayo, P.B
- ItemOpen AccessA Study of the Behaviour of Drivers at T Junctions(1996-11) Folarin, B. AObservation of the behaviour of 1,406 drivers at T junctions were made by pairs of final year Psychology students at twelve different locations in Lagos under my direction The frequencies of the observations showed that there was a significant relationship between type of driver and the behaviour of drivers at T junctions. A higher percentage of private drivers compared to commercial drivers trafficated at T junctions, obeyed traffic lights and looked at the main road before emerging from the side street. This was attributed to their ownership of the vehicles and the resulting cautiousness on the road, higher value of life, increased perception of hazardousness of traffic violations, knowledge of driving rules and regulations, less time pressure on them and well maintained vehicles resulting in functioning of information-giving parts like the trafficator. The finding that a higher percentage of drivers trafficated at T junction confirmed Ugwueghu "s. (1977) finding. There was a greater reduction in the percentage of commercial drivers who obeyed traffic lights in light traffic condition than private drivers. This shows that although both sets of drivers perceived disobedience of traffic lights as less hazardous in a light traffic situation than a heavy one, there was not much violation of the rule by private drivers. This reflects their cautiousness, knowledge of the driving rules and awareness of their importance. The private drivers can be assumed to be more intelligent than commercial drivers. A low percentage of commercial drivers looked at the main road before emerging, even when the traffic is Light, and there was no time pressure on them. This reflects their lack of knowledge of driving rules or refusal to conform to them. This study has highlighted the need to have proper formal driving schools for training drivers in the skills and rules of driving. This will reduce accidents a lot.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Role of Technicians and Craftsmen in a Developing Country to Access and Educate Practitioners on Various Development Within the Engineering Profession for Desirable Standards of Engineering Practice in Nigeria.(1996-11-28) Igboin, E.OThis is a monograph. Full Paper attached.
- ItemOpen AccessModels for Flooding and Erosion Control in Parts of Nigeria(1997-04) Ezeigbo, C.U.Flooding and erosion phenomenon is a major environmental problem prevalent in the rainforest region of Nigeria. The need to develop appropriate models to control the menace of the phenomenon is informed by the high demand for land and the increasing incidents of flooding and erosion in some parts of the country. Whatever model is to be adopted, its effectiveness depends on the contributions from geodetic measurement data. Once relevant data from geodetic and other sources have been obtained, the desired model can be developed using least squares approximation technique
- ItemOpen AccessModels for Flooding and Erosion Control in Parts of Nigeria(1997-04) Ezeigbo, C.UFlooding and erosion phenomenon is a major environmental problem prevalent in the rainforest region of Nigeria. The need to develop appropriate models to control the menace of the phenomenon is informed by the high demand for land and the increasing incidents of flooding and erosion in some parts of the country. Whatever model is to be adopted, its effectiveness depends on the contributions from geodetic measurement data. Once relevant data from geodetic and other sources have been obtained, the desired model can be developed using least squares approximation technique.
- ItemOpen AccessNigerian Educational System:(1997-05) Azenabor, C.E.Our enthusiasm for education seems to be paralleled by our ignorance of what education is . Education for what ? For whom? And how? Is there no relationship between a society and the type of education it imbibes? These questions border on educational value and goal. It is in an attempt to proffer answers to these questions, examine and evaluate the principles and the validity of thought that underline issues in Nigerian educational system that this paper is being written. Periodic and constant examination of the Issues, Problems and prospect in the educational system of any country is necessary, because any desirable development hinges upon the educational system. The nature of the issues, and problem,in Nigerian educational system are conceptual,historical, methodological moral and financial. We show that any educational policy , if it is to gain credence and vitality must function in and draw inspiration from a dynamic philosophy. It is only a thorough knowledge of philosophy that can meet the greater challenges of education. Given the necessary philosophical tools, we should be tending towards an indigenous educational philosophy for Nigeria.
- ItemOpen AccessHomosexuality and the Question of Tolerance(1997-05-29) Falaiye, MThis is a Monograph. Full Paper attached.
- ItemOpen AccessTraditional Versus Modern Judicial Practices: A Comparative Analysis of Dispute Resolution Systems among the South-West Yoruba of Nigeria(1997-06) Taiwo, O. OSome of the preliminary issues to be considered in this paper are the extent to which modern day judicial practices, as manifested in Courts are well fitted for Dispute Resolution. The second is whether disputes are central to the work of Courts. The nature of responses to these issues will justify the need or otherwise for an alternative dispute resolution method. The problem with seeing dispute processing as central to the work of courts is two-fold. First, there are good grounds for saying that the adjudicative process of courts is extremely poorly fitted for dispute resolution. Secondly, there seems to be considerable evidence that a great deal probably the major part in terms of total number of cases - of courts' work is concerned with matters other than disputes in these senses. Each of these matters will be looked at in turn. For in so far as the work of courts is held to centre on adjudication and the role of the judge is seen as being to decide the 'rights and wrongs' as between two parties in dispute and to provide a dichotomous solution to their conflict in which one party is held to be right and the other wrong, courts and judges stand at the opposite end of the continuum of dispute settlement from mediation or negotiation through a go-between. They stand at that end of the continuum where consent of both parties to a solution put forward by the third party (judge) is least likely. Consequently, the processing of the dispute by the court is unlikely to result in a genuine resolution of it; that is, a solution acceptable to both parties. The dichotomous right! Wrong judicial solution is likely to appear as an imposed two-against-one solution which may make continuing relations between the disputants difficult or impossible.
- ItemOpen AccessPower sharing and Conflict Management In Africa:(1997-06-15) Akinyele, R.T.
- ItemOpen AccessPower Sharing and Conflict Management in Africa: Nigeria, Sudan and Rwanda(1997-06-15) Akinyele, R.TThis is a monograph. Full paper attached
- ItemOpen AccessMotivating parents to encourage their children develop interest in Science and Technology(1997-07) Popoola, T.O.Interest is defined as the most important factor of socio- psychological motivation of human's activities. parents are seen not merely as illiterate but as integral parts of governmental bodies who shape and implement policy on Science and Technology. To the schools offering Science and Technology subjects/courses, the parent's roles may be as problem, as police,as para-professional aide, and as pre-school educator. Adult Education strategies of motivating parents to play their roles effectively in encouraging their children develop interest in Science and Technology are discussed. These include involving parents in schools' Science and Technology programmes, acceptance of pre-school role, concern for children out of school hours, reflecting the community in the school's Science and Technology, reflecting school's Science and Technology in the community and, finally, acceptance of an Adult Education role in identifying and meeting the challenges of Science, Technology and Teacher Education in Nigeria beyond the year 2000.
- ItemOpen AccessFacilitating Science, Technology And Mathematics By Reducing Failure Rates(1997-07-29) Obe, E.OA crucial sub-theme of this STAN (Lagos) conference is the "promotion of the integrated learning and popularisation of science, technology and mathematics"(STM). Mathematics is the language of science, Science and maths are essential components of technology, and technology is the major factor for a nations technological and industrial development. These three subjects are therefore not only interrelated but also crucial for Nigeria's development.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Influence Of Counsellor Gender Experience And Students' Perception Of The Counsellor As A Helper.(1997-08-17) Okoli, C.E.This study was undertaken to find out the influence of counsellor gender, experience and students gender on students perception of the counsellor's capacity to help them solve some adjustment problems. One hundred and twenty senior secondary two students (60 boys and 60 girls) participated in the study. The students were divided into two groups. The first group listened to an introduction of an experienced male and female counsellor, while the second group listened to an introduction of an inexperienced male and female counsellor. Thereafter, students in both groups completed the Counsellor Evaluation Scale (CES). The results showed that irrespective of experience, both male and female counsellors were rated very high on the CES. ,"It was found that type of students' concern rather than counsellor gender largely influenced the perception of the counsellor as a helper. In other words, the counsellor's gender was not a critical factor in determining the level of confidence the students reposed in the counsellor as a helper. Among other recommendations, there should be no gender discrimination in the deployment of counsellors to schools.Where possible, both male and female counsellors should be posted to one school to give students opportunity to discuss their concerns with the counsellor or their choice.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Influence of Counsellors Gender, Experience And Students Gender on Students’ Perception of the Counsellor as a Helper.(1997-08-17) Canice, E.O.This study was undertaken to find out the influence of counsellor gender, experience and students gender on students perception of the counsellor's capacity to help them solve some adjustment problems. One hundred and twenty senior secondary two students (60 boys and 60 girls) participated in the study. The students were divided into two groups. The first group listened to an introduction of an experienced male and female counsellor, while the second group listened to an introduction of an inexperienced male and female counsellor. Thereafter, students in both groups completed the Counsellor Evaluation Scale (CES). The results showed that irrespective of experience, both male and fem~le counsellors were rated very high on the CES. ," It was found that type of students' concern rather than counsellor gender largely influenced the perception of the counsellor as a helper. In other words, the counsellor's gender was not a critical factor in determining the level of confidence the students reposed in the counsellor as a helper. Among other recommendations, there should be no gender discrimination in the deploYment of counsellors to schools. Where possible, both male and female counsellors should be posted to one school to give students opportunity to discuss their concerns with the counsellor or their choice.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Challenges of Tertiary Mathematics in Nigeria’s Economic Goals of Vision 2010.(1997-09-06) Adedayo, O. A.Nigeria aspires for qualitative education as well as economic prosperity in the year 2010. It is envisaged that there will be a high level of technological sophistication by the twenty-first century world wide. In order not to be left behind there is need for Nigeria to take steps in ensuring high technological advancement as well as having sustainable economic growth. The important role that mathematics plays in science and technology has ensured its inclusion as a compulsory subjectsat primary and secondary levels. The tertiary level is the training point of teachers who will dispense mathematical knowledge to students at these lower levels. This paper examines the prevailing conditions of mathematics at tertiary level and profers suggestions as to what can be done to ensure qualitative mathematical education at tertiary level which will in turn affect the lower levels as well as pave way for sound scientific and technological development and achievementof the desired goals and objectives for the year 2010
- ItemOpen AccessSyntaxique Theories and French in Nigeria(1997-11-03) Ariole, V.C.French is a security case in Nigeria. We are surrounded by French speaking countries, and French language itself is a security tool in the United Nations. Thus, French affects all the facets of our economy and nationhood. The recent pronouncement of the Head State, General Sani Abacha, on adopting French as a second official language is welcome. However, as French teachers, it behoves us to introduce French in such a way to facilitate its assimilation by Nigerians. We decided to carry out a study on the syntaxique theories and how they apply to French language and its easier assimilation. Traditional structural, funtional and transformational syntaxique methods/theories were reviewed. In the review we sought to know which of them explains best the use of French language in the West African sub-region. A Francophone author - Ahmadou Kourouma - was the object of study. We discovered that he attracted a lot of critiques in his use of French. At the same time, his works received prizes in Canada as well as France. Thus, a review os his critics were carried otu. We tried to merge the critics views and the syntaxique theories studied so as to find out the gaps in the use of French by Kourouma and the theories available. As Kourouma comes from an ethnic group that spread all the Francophone West Africa, we tried to relate the acceptance of hi French by this group and note the therein for possible adaptation in Nigerian. It will also help in quickening the integration process in the sub-region
- ItemOpen AccessKnowledge of Psychological Principles: An Antecedent for Effective and Result Oriented Sports Management.(1997-11-19) Adeyeye, F. M; Otinwa, G. O