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- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Lagos Convocation Speeches(The Information Unit, University of Lagos, Akoka, 1983-01) Adesola, A.OFull papers attached.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Lagos Convocation Speeches(The Information Unit, University of Lagos, Akoka, 1985-01) Mbanefo, A.CFull papers attached.
- ItemOpen AccessNational Library of Nigeria: Objectives, Functions, Achievements(Libri, 1986) Adeniji, A.; Issah, H.S.National Library of Nigeria:Objectives, Functions, AchievementsADEGOKE ADENIJI and H. S. ISSAHDefinition of TermsNational LibraryRanganathan defines a national library of a country äs "the library which hasthe duty of collecting and preserving for posterity the written production ofthat country. It is the central Station for the assembling and Service of tboughtenergy".1 For the purpose of this paper the national library shall be the Na-tional Library of Nigeria established by the National Library Decree 1970.Hereinafter, the former shall be referred to äs the NLN, and the latter, theNLD.FunctionsThe Random House Dictionary of English language defines function äs "akind of action or activity proper to a person, thing or Institution". Anotherdictionary describes function äs "the special kind of activity proper to any-thing ... by which it fulfills its purpose, duties, etc."2 Functions of national li-braries, therefore, are such activities which they perform in order to achievetheir objectives. It is the objectives which make the functions proper to the li-braries. The functions of the NLN shall be those enumerated in the NLD1970. Their properness will be discussed later in this paper.ObjectivesAn objective is defined äs something that one's efforts or functions are inten-ded to attain or accomplish - "purpose, goal, target".3 Objectives can be gen-eral or specific. The former is an overall, longterm end result or a series ofidentified accomplishments while the latter is usually an intermediate, short-term end result leading to a general objective.Adegoke Adeniji is Education Librarian and H. S. Issah is Librarian I, University of LagosLibrary, La
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Lagos Convocation Speeches(The Information Unit, University of Lagos, Akoka, 1986-01) Mbanefo, A.CFull papers attached.
- ItemOpen AccessCollection development in an African academic library during economic depression: The University of Lagos library experience(Elsevier, 1987) Olanlokun, S.O.; Issah, H.S.Library development in Nigeria started with the Lagos Book Club in the 1920s. This grew into a subscription library in the 1930s and thereafter resulted in the establishment of various types of libraries in the country. Academic library development began with the establishment of the University College, Ibadan, in 1948. The College Library also served as the national library for the country until the National Library of Nigeria took over these functions in 1970. The University of Lagos was established in 1962 to provide general and professional education. The collection development policy was to provide materials in support of the programs offered by the university through book purchase, exchange, and legal deposit. The economic fortunes of the country have reflected on the collection development in the University of Lagos Library. The oil boom period witnessed active collection development. With the decline in oil fortunes, the economic depression set in, and this has had an adverse effect on the materials acquired by the library. The volumes added to the University of Lagos Library fell from 17,264 in 1976–1977 to less than one-third that number seven years later. Government economic policy measures such as strict foreign exchange regulations, introduction of import license for books, import duties, and other measures have affected book acquisition. The importance of a free flow of information for effective library service in institutions of higher learning is highlighted.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Lagos Convocation Speeches(The Information Unit, University of Lagos, Akoka, 1987-01-14) Adesola, A.OFull papers attached.
- ItemOpen AccessUnderstanding Illness Behaviour, Death And Bereavement In Adulthood.(1988-08-15) Ubangha, B.M.To aid our understanding of the ways various individuals perceive, evaluate, and respond to symptoms of illness, the literature on illness behaviour was reviewed. Two competing hypotheses (the linking hypotheses and the substitution" hypothesis) and two theoretical paradigms (the health belief model and the behavioural model) which attempt to explain illness behaviour were presented. Kastenbaum's (1975) conceptualisation of death, kubler - Ross's (1969) five stage theory of dying and Parkes' (1972) four sequential phases of anticipatory grief were presented in the hope that they will not only illumine our understanding of the mystery of death and the rituals associated with it but also place these within a wider social milleau that surround them. Attempts were made to clarify and highlight the roles of the counsellor not only in meeting the psychological needs of the ill and dying and of the health caregivers but also mitigating the emotional responses associated with the loss of a loved one.
- ItemOpen AccessExperimental and Analytical Investigation of Soil Cutting(1989) Osho, A.PThe objective of this work is first to determine experimentally the horizontal and vertical force components of the operative forces during soil cutting. Since previous work in soil cutting had been empirical and involved curve fitting techniques therefore the second objective is to predict these horizontal and vertical force components. In order to achieve these objectives a special apparatus was designed and fabricated for experimentation. It comprises the soil bin, the horizontal and vertical carriages, the proving rings, carriage seat frame, soil hopper, manually operated jack, and the blades. In order to reduce cost and weight of the apparatus, and also because of the limited space available, the carriages and the cutting blades were made of aluminium. In order that this investigation can be applied to a variety of soils, Ogun river sand and beach sand were chosen because they are granular materials, but with different angles of intboth cohesion C and angle of to have a good control to obtain repetitive results. In order to predict accurately, the horizonal and vertical operative forces in soil cutting, it is essential that some specific properties of the soil be known. The soil properties chosen for this work are cohesion, C, perties were determined using triaxial apparatus. Also the shear box apparatus, imposing directional horizontal failure plane was used to The cutting blades inclination B0 to the vertical was varied from O0 to 750 in increments of 150. The soil bin was filled with soil by the soil hopper, whilst the blade was inserted and pushed horizontally by manually operated 10 tonne (98.07 KN) jack, at a horizontal speed of about 0.11 cm/sec. The soil bin perspex glass enabled the tests to be observed visually. The horizontal and vertical force components operating during soil cutting was measured by standard Wykeham-Ferrance proving rings, with maximum load of 200 kgf (1962 N) and with E.L.E. dial gauge of 0.001N/division (0.0254 mm./division). configurations in soil cutting show that whereas 100% of the angle of internal friction, is mobilised for cohesive soil, typified by black cotton soil at failure, only about 80% of the es of the soils were therefore used to evaluate the horizontal and vertical components of operative forces in soil cutting. Other soil parameters like void ratio, and a new soil particle size distribution parameter index (SPI) 0.025 SPI = (Dmax - Dmin) 100 EDX/distribution dervied from grading tests, are found to be true in evaluating these horizontal and vertical components of operative forces. From these findings, empirical formulae were derived, which will be of great benefit and advantage to design engineers, who can quickly estimate the horizontal and vertical components of the operative forces during soil cutting. It was found that as blade inclination Bo and width-to-depth of cut ratio w/d, increased, the horizontal component of force in soil cutting, decreased. The horizontal force decreased by 93%, when width-to-depth of cut ratio w/d = 1, and blade inclination B0 increased from O0 to 750. The passive rankine force is less than the horizontal components of the forces in soil cutting. These forces like the Rankine force are proportional to the square of depth of cut, for vertical blades, that is, blades with inclination B = O0, the horizontal components of the forces can be evaluated by multiplying the Rankine force by constant K which is 7.025 for cohessions soils and 1.06 for cohesive soils. The present work also shows that the optimum performance of the blades occurred at an angle of inclination B = 570 for cohensionless soils. Whilst the optimum performance of the blade for cohessive soils occured at a blade inclination B = 450. A theoretical solution of the boundary energy theory which considers the kinematics of the soil-blade system, predict most accurately the horizontal and vertical components of operative forces in soil cutting, than any other theory hitherto in use. The maximum and minimum errors in horizontal components of forces for Ogun river sand, at blade inclination B0 from zero up to the optimum performance of the blade, were 10.6% and -5% respectively. Similarly the maximum and minimum errors in horizontal components of forces at same blade inclination, for beach sand and black cotton soil, taken in pairs were (9.2% -23.2%) and (2.8%, -0.47%) respectively. At a blade inclination of B = 300, and & = 1/horizontal components of forces, taken in pairs for Ogun river sand were (130N, 126N) and error of 3%. Whilst for beach sand and black cotton soil, at the same blade inclination, the values were (100N, 101N) an error of -1% and (135N, 135N) an error of 0% respectively. Similarly experimental and theoretical vertical components of forces, taken in pairs, at blade inclination B = 300 river sand and black cotton soil, at same blade inclination, the values were (40N, 27N) and 58N, 55N) respectively.
- ItemOpen AccessBook Donation and Exchange as Sources of collection development in Nigerian University Libraries: University of Lagos Library Experience(universitv books ,and Publications Committe, Kumasi, 1991-10) Egberongbe, H.SIt is generally acknowledged that access to appropriate reading and information is essential for political, educational, social and economic development. Libraries in Nigeria, however, do not have the books and materials they require due to financial constraints. This paper discusses some critical issues for collection development through book donations and exchange contribution of books to Nigerian University Libraries with special reference to University of Lagos Library. It also makes recommendation for the development of selected existing book donation schemes.
- ItemOpen AccessQuality and Standards of Music Education In Nigeria Tertiary Institutions.(1995-07-11) Ekwueme, L.U.The need for music education at all levels of Nigerian education has been recognised and established (the National policy on Education, 1977). section 5, NO.· 38 (ii) and (iii) of the policy state that: (1) The curriculum of higher education will be geared towards producing practical persons, and the course content will reflect our national needs and not just,hypothetical standards.(ii) Technically based professionals especially need greater exposure to the environment in which they will eventually work. How have we achieved these goals? Two questions arise:what is the impact of music in our system? DO the Universities and Colleges of education produce enough music teachers to meet the needs of the ever-growing school enrolment? This paper will (a) review standards and quality of music education in various countries and compare these with practices in Nigeria, and(b) critique the preparation of Nigerian music teachers.
- ItemOpen AccessAfrica Participation At The 15th Commonwealth Games Held In Victoria, Canada.(1995-07-16) Ikulayo, P.B
- ItemOpen AccessTowards the Development of Special Information Centre for the Nigerian Textile Industry(1996-06) Adegboye, O.A; Igbeneghu, B.IThe establishment and the rapid growth of the textile industry from time I immemorial owes much to the innate desire of man to satisfy one of his basic necessities or lire, that is clothing, Textile is derived from the Latin word "textile" which means "to weave", In its original sense, the word textile refers to a fabric rom woven fibbers, However, in recent years there have been some modifications with respect meaning of the word "textile", It means fabric produced by weaving, and felting. It also refers to enterprises that spin yarn from fiber or synthetic materials and to the finisher and dyers of fabrics. Textile irrespective or its raw material and pattern. plays an important role in the Society. Textile in any society is important for covering, transmission of information propagation and preservation of cultural heritage from one generation.
- ItemOpen AccessA Study of the Behaviour of Drivers at T Junctions(1996-11) Folarin, B. AObservation of the behaviour of 1,406 drivers at T junctions were made by pairs of final year Psychology students at twelve different locations in Lagos under my direction The frequencies of the observations showed that there was a significant relationship between type of driver and the behaviour of drivers at T junctions. A higher percentage of private drivers compared to commercial drivers trafficated at T junctions, obeyed traffic lights and looked at the main road before emerging from the side street. This was attributed to their ownership of the vehicles and the resulting cautiousness on the road, higher value of life, increased perception of hazardousness of traffic violations, knowledge of driving rules and regulations, less time pressure on them and well maintained vehicles resulting in functioning of information-giving parts like the trafficator. The finding that a higher percentage of drivers trafficated at T junction confirmed Ugwueghu "s. (1977) finding. There was a greater reduction in the percentage of commercial drivers who obeyed traffic lights in light traffic condition than private drivers. This shows that although both sets of drivers perceived disobedience of traffic lights as less hazardous in a light traffic situation than a heavy one, there was not much violation of the rule by private drivers. This reflects their cautiousness, knowledge of the driving rules and awareness of their importance. The private drivers can be assumed to be more intelligent than commercial drivers. A low percentage of commercial drivers looked at the main road before emerging, even when the traffic is Light, and there was no time pressure on them. This reflects their lack of knowledge of driving rules or refusal to conform to them. This study has highlighted the need to have proper formal driving schools for training drivers in the skills and rules of driving. This will reduce accidents a lot.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Role of Technicians and Craftsmen in a Developing Country to Access and Educate Practitioners on Various Development Within the Engineering Profession for Desirable Standards of Engineering Practice in Nigeria.(1996-11-28) Igboin, E.OThis is a monograph. Full Paper attached.
- ItemOpen AccessLibrary Acquisitions in the 1990s Under the Federal Universities World Bank Development Sector Adjustment Project: a Case Study of University of Lagos, Nigeria.(1997) Egberongbe, H.S; Ojo, J.AThe 1990s witnessed a rapid decline in the acquisition of library materials for teaching and research work in tertiary institutions in the country. The decline is seen as a result of increase in the number of tertiary institutions, decrease in funding and the state of the nations economy. The decade was thus spent in searching for meaningful solution to the development of the nation s education. Provision of adequate library materials for teaching and research was considered as one of the solutions to the problem. This paper discusses the Federal Universities Development Sector Adjustment Project under the auspicies of the World Bank and the National Universities Commission. The aims, the objectives and problems of implementation were highlighted. Comparative studies of situations in various federal universities both before and at the introduction of the project with particular reference to the University of Lagos are also discussed. The paper recommends effective continuity of the educational reforms started under the Adjustment Credit 'with the proposed Federal Universities Sector Investment Credit for the development of lasting educational policy in the country.
- ItemOpen AccessInformation services: the Wheels of the American Electoral Process: Implications for Nigeria(American Studies Association of Nigeria, 1997) Adegboye, O.AAmerica has succeeded in evolving a political system that is both enviable and significant in world politics in the last two centuries. The system of governance and the electoral processes have been institutionalized. Peace and serenity characterised the electoral scene in America and this calls for a salient question. What is the trick?: The flow of information is not a luxury. It is a life and death necessity; life and death for industries, for communities, for nations economic health, for survival, for deterrence of war, for progress, for posterity. This is not an exaggeration, it is a hard fact.' There is no doubt that in any process of enlightenment, political in particular, information services provided in a nation are of immense importance. America has succeeded in operating a system of governance with a lesser degree of confusion that obtains in many other nations. So far, America has held a total of forty-two elections since the declaration of independence in 1776. Even though there are many elements that have contributed to the success and progress of their political culture, the nation's body politics has in its wheels a dynamic information system. This paper seeks to take an overview of the American system of government and discuss the role of information services in the electoral processes. It also discusses implications for Nigeria.
- ItemOpen AccessModels for Flooding and Erosion Control in Parts of Nigeria(1997-04) Ezeigbo, C.U.Flooding and erosion phenomenon is a major environmental problem prevalent in the rainforest region of Nigeria. The need to develop appropriate models to control the menace of the phenomenon is informed by the high demand for land and the increasing incidents of flooding and erosion in some parts of the country. Whatever model is to be adopted, its effectiveness depends on the contributions from geodetic measurement data. Once relevant data from geodetic and other sources have been obtained, the desired model can be developed using least squares approximation technique
- ItemOpen AccessModels for Flooding and Erosion Control in Parts of Nigeria(1997-04) Ezeigbo, C.UFlooding and erosion phenomenon is a major environmental problem prevalent in the rainforest region of Nigeria. The need to develop appropriate models to control the menace of the phenomenon is informed by the high demand for land and the increasing incidents of flooding and erosion in some parts of the country. Whatever model is to be adopted, its effectiveness depends on the contributions from geodetic measurement data. Once relevant data from geodetic and other sources have been obtained, the desired model can be developed using least squares approximation technique.
- ItemOpen AccessNigerian Educational System:(1997-05) Azenabor, C.E.Our enthusiasm for education seems to be paralleled by our ignorance of what education is . Education for what ? For whom? And how? Is there no relationship between a society and the type of education it imbibes? These questions border on educational value and goal. It is in an attempt to proffer answers to these questions, examine and evaluate the principles and the validity of thought that underline issues in Nigerian educational system that this paper is being written. Periodic and constant examination of the Issues, Problems and prospect in the educational system of any country is necessary, because any desirable development hinges upon the educational system. The nature of the issues, and problem,in Nigerian educational system are conceptual,historical, methodological moral and financial. We show that any educational policy , if it is to gain credence and vitality must function in and draw inspiration from a dynamic philosophy. It is only a thorough knowledge of philosophy that can meet the greater challenges of education. Given the necessary philosophical tools, we should be tending towards an indigenous educational philosophy for Nigeria.
- ItemOpen AccessHomosexuality and the Question of Tolerance(1997-05-29) Falaiye, MThis is a Monograph. Full Paper attached.